Gustav Sweden

King of Sweden Gustav Sweden

Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden also Gustav Adolph was King of Sweden from 1792 until his abdication in 1809. He was the son of Gustav III of Sweden and his queen consort Sophia Magdalena, eldest daughter of Frederick V of Denmark and his first wife Louise of Great Britain. He was the last Swedish ruler of Finland. Gustavia in Swedish Pomerania was named after him, but was lost in the Napoleonic Wars.
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    FIFTIES
  • 1837
    Age 58
    Died on February 7, 1837.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1818
    Age 39
    The crown (now with strictly limited powers) passed to his childless uncle, Charles XIII, whose want of heirs set into motion an intense quest for a successor who was found the following year in the person of Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, who assumed the throne in 1818, commencing the present House of Bernadotte.
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  • 1812
    Age 33
    By 1812, Gustav Adolf divorced his consort, and following this he had several mistresses, among them Maria Schlegel, who gave him a son, Adolf Gustafsson.
    In 1812, he divorced his wife.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1807
    Age 28
    When his ally, Russia, made peace and concluded an alliance with France at Tilsit in 1807, Sweden and Portugal were left as Great Britain's European allies.
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  • 1805
    Age 26
    His reign was ill-fated and was to end abruptly. In 1805, he joined the Third Coalition against Napoleon.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1798
    Age 19
    Nonetheless, the disorder of the state finances, largely inherited from Gustav III's war against Russia, as well as widespread crop failures in 1798 and 1799, compelled him to summon the estates to Norrköping in March 1800 and on 3 April the same year.
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  • 1797
    Age 18
    In 1797 he married Frederica Dorothea Wilhelmina of Baden (1781–1826), with whom he had five children:
    Gustav Adolf's prompt dismissal of the generally detested Gustaf Adolf Reuterholm, the duke-regent's leading advisor, added still further to his popularity. On 31 October 1797 Gustav married Friederike Dorothea, granddaughter of Karl Friedrich, Margrave of Baden, a marriage which seemed to threaten war with Russia but for the fanatical hatred of the French republic shared by the Emperor Paul of Russia and Gustav IV Adolf, which served as a bond of union between them.
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  • 1796
    Age 17
    In August 1796 his uncle the regent arranged for the young king to visit Saint Petersburg to betroth him to Catherine the Great's granddaughter, Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna.
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  • 1792
    Age 13
    Upon Gustav III's assassination in March 1792, Gustav Adolf succeeded to the throne at the age of 14, under the regency of his uncle, Charles, duke of Södermanland, who was later to become King Charles XIII of Sweden when his nephew was forced to abdicate and flee the country in 1809.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1778
    Born
    Born on November 1, 1778.
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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