Haile Selassie I

Emperor of Ethiopia Haile Selassie I

Haile Selassie I, born Tafari Makonnen, was Ethiopia's regent from 1916 to 1930 and Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930 to 1974. He was the heir to a dynasty that traced its origins to the 13th century, and from there by tradition back to King Solomon and Queen Makeda, Empress of Axum, known in the Abrahamic tradition as the Queen of Sheba. Haile Selassie is a defining figure in both Ethiopian and African history.
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Biography
Haile Selassie I's personal information overview.
Birthday
23 July 1892
Death Place
Derg

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Rencontre avec Ijahman Levy - Reggae.fr
Google News - over 6 years
Mais il faut aussi dire que la sortie de mon premier album «Haile I Hymn» , ainsi celle du suivant «Are we warrior», ont été rendues possibles grâce à Island Records et surtout Chris Blackwell lui-même , je le remercie de m'avoir aidé et de m'avoir
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Strange things riddim part 2: Sizzla, Lutan Fyah, Chezidek… - Tropicalizer
Google News - almost 7 years
On peut y découvrir Sizzla qui, fidèle à lui-même, signe une ganja tune intitulée Smoke my herb ainsi qu'Ilements qui rend hommage à l'Empereur éthiopien Selassie avec Haile I. Pour l'occasion, le label français a également remixé les versions des
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Gebrselassie takes fourth Manchester 10Km victory, Clitheroe surprises - International Association of Athletics Foundation
Google News - almost 7 years
“By going with Haile I was sacrificing myself a little. But it was the right thing to do and I held on quite well,” said Thompson, the 10000m silver medallist from the European Championships in Barcelona 2010. “I was quite surprised how well he ran,
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STRANGE THINGS HIP-HOP - Reggaefrance.com
Google News - almost 7 years
Avec Sizzla, Chezidek, Haile I, et Lutan Fyah. Disponible le 20 mai en 7" et en téléchargement légal. En Jamaïque, le nerf de l'industrie du disque est le riddim (contraction de rhythm), un instrumental produit par un label
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SYDNEY 2000: TRACK; Gebrselassie Finishes Like a Sprinter to Beat Tergat in 10,000
NYTimes - over 17 years
He finished second to Haile Gebrselassie in the last Summer Olympics; finished second again in the 1997 world championships and the 1999 world championships. But this major race felt different to Paul Tergat of Kenya as he sprinted into the lead with the finish line in sight. Hadn't Gebrselassie, the diminutive Ethiopian with the wicked kick, been
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Haile Selassie I
    LATE ADULTHOOD
  • 1975
    Age 82
    Although such prominent Rastafarian figures as Rita Marley and others participated in the grand funeral, most Rastafari rejected the event and refused to accept that the bones were the remains of Haile Selassie. There remains some debate within the Rastafari movement as to whether Haile Selassie actually died in 1975.
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  • 1974
    Age 81
    The Derg, a committee of low-ranking military officers and enlisted men, set up in June to investigate the military's demands, took advantage of the government's disarray to depose Haile Selassie on 12 September 1974.
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    This mutiny led to the resignation of Prime Minister Aklilu Habte Wold on 27 February 1974.
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  • 1973
    Age 80
    The crisis was exacerbated by military mutinies and high oil prices, the latter a result of the 1973 oil crisis.
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  • 1971
    Age 78
    Outside of Ethiopia, Haile Selassie continued to enjoy enormous prestige and respect. As the longest-serving head of state in power, Haile Selassie was often given precedence over other leaders at state events, such as the state funerals of John F. Kennedy and Charles de Gaulle, the summits of the Non-Aligned Movement, and the 1971 celebration of the 2,500 years of the Persian Empire. In 1970 visited Italy, guest of President Giuseppe Saragat, and in Milan met Giordano Dell'Amore, President of Italian Savings Banks Association. Famine—mostly in Wollo, north-eastern Ethiopia, as well as in some parts of Tigray—is estimated to have killed 40,000 to 80,000 Ethiopians between 1972 and 1974.
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  • 1969
    Age 76
    During PNP leader (later Jamaican Prime Minister) Michael Manley's visit to Ethiopia in October 1969, the emperor allegedly still recalled his 1966 reception with amazement, and stated that he felt that he had to be respectful of their beliefs.
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  • 1966
    Age 73
    In 1966, Haile Selassie attempted to create a modern, progressive tax that included registration of land, which would significantly weaken the nobility.
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  • 1963
    Age 70
    On 25 November 1963, the emperor was among other heads of state, including France's President Charles de Gaulle, who traveled to Washington D.C. and attended the funeral of assassinated President John F. Kennedy.
    On 6 October 1963, Haile Selassie addressed the General Assembly of the United Nations, referring in his address to his earlier speech to the League of Nations:
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    In 1963, Haile Selassie presided over the formation of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), the precursor of the continent-wide African Union (AU).
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  • 1961
    Age 68
    In 1961 the 30-year Eritrean Struggle for Independence began, followed by Haile Selassie's dissolution of the federation and shutting down of Eritrea's parliament.
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  • 1960
    Age 67
    On 13 December 1960, while Haile Selassie was on a state visit to Brazil, his Imperial Guard forces staged an unsuccessful coup, briefly proclaiming Haile Selassie's eldest son Asfa Wossen as emperor.
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    Haile Selassie contributed Ethiopian troops to the United Nations Operation in the Congo peacekeeping force during the 1960 Congo Crisis, to consolidate Congolese integrity and independence from Belgian troops, per United Nations Security Council Resolution 143.
  • FIFTIES
  • 1947
    Age 54
    He sent aid to the British government in 1947 when Britain was affected by heavy flooding.
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  • FORTIES
  • 1942
    Age 49
    Haile Selassie applied to Egypt's Holy Synod in 1942 and 1945 to establish the independence of Ethiopian bishops, and when his appeals were denied he threatened to sever relations with the See of St. Mark.
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    Despite his centralization policies that had been made before World War II, Haile Selassie still found himself unable to push for all the programs he wanted. In 1942, he attempted to institute a progressive tax scheme, but this failed due to opposition from the nobility, and only a flat tax was passed; in 1951, he agreed to reduce this as well.
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    On 27 August 1942, Haile Selassie abolished the legal basis of slavery throughout the empire and imposed severe penalties, including death, for slave trading.
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  • 1941
    Age 48
    On 5 May 1941, Haile Selassie entered Addis Ababa and personally addressed the Ethiopian people, five years to the day since his 1936 exile:
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    On 18 January 1941, during the East African Campaign, Haile Selassie crossed the border between Sudan and Ethiopia near the village of Um Iddla.
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  • 1937
    Age 44
    The emperor's pleas for international support did take root in the United States, particularly among African-American organizations sympathetic to the Ethiopian cause. In 1937, Haile Selassie was to give a Christmas Day radio address to the American people to thank his supporters when his taxi was involved in a traffic accident, leaving him with a fractured knee.
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  • 1936
    Age 43
    Mussolini, upon invading Ethiopia, had promptly declared his own "Italian Empire"; because the League of Nations afforded Haile Selassie the opportunity to address the assembly, Italy even withdrew its League delegation, on 12 May 1936.
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    Haile Selassie appointed his cousin Ras Imru Haile Selassie as Prince Regent in his absence, departing with his family for Djibouti on 2 May 1936.
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    On 31 March 1936, he launched a counterattack against the Italians himself at the Battle of Maychew in southern Tigray.
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  • 1935
    Age 42
    On 19 October 1935, Haile Selassie gave more precise orders for his army to his Commander-in-Chief, Ras Kassa:
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    He issued his famous mobilization order on 3 October 1935:
  • 1934
    Age 41
    Following 5 December 1934 Italian invasion of Ethiopia at Walwal, Ogeden Province, Haile Selassie joined his northern armies and set up headquarters at Desse in Wollo province.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1931
    Age 38
    Haile Selassie introduced Ethiopia's first written constitution on 16 July 1931, providing for a bicameral legislature.
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  • 1930
    Age 37
    With the passing of Zewditu, Tafari himself rose to emperor and was proclaimed Neguse Negest ze-'Ityopp'ya, "King of Kings of Ethiopia". He was crowned on 2 November 1930, at Addis Ababa's Cathedral of St. George.
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    In early 1930, he raised an army and marched it from his governorate at Gondar towards Addis Ababa.
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  • 1923
    Age 30
    During his Regency, the new Crown Prince developed the policy of cautious modernization initiated by Menelik II. He secured Ethiopia's admission to the League of Nations in 1923 by promising to eradicate slavery; each emperor since Tewodros II had issued proclamations to halt slavery, but without effect: the internationally scorned practice persisted well into Haile Selassie's reign with an estimated 2 million slaves in Ethiopia the early 1930s.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1921
    Age 28
    On 11 January 1921, after avoiding capture for about five years, Iyasu was taken into custody by Gugsa Araya Selassie.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1907
    Age 14
    Following the death of his brother Yelma in 1907, the governorate of Harar was left vacant, and its administration was left to Menelik's loyal general, Dejazmach Balcha Safo.
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    In 1907, he was appointed governor over part of the province of Sidamo.
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  • 1906
    Age 13
    Tafari assumed the titular governorship of Selale in 1906, a realm of marginal importance but one that enabled him to continue his studies.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1892
    Born
    Haile Selassie I's royal line (through his father's mother) originated from the Amhara people, but he also had Oromo, and Gurage roots. He was born on 23 July 1892, in the village of Ejersa Goro, in the Harar province of Ethiopia.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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