Lord Randolph Churchill

British politician Lord Randolph Churchill

Lord Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill was a British statesman. He was the third son of the 7th Duke of Marlborough, and his wife, Lady Frances Vane. He was the father of Winston Churchill, the future wartime Prime Minister, who wrote his father's first major biography.
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Biography
Lord Randolph Churchill's personal information overview.
home town
Belgravia
Death Place
London

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    OTHER
  • 1895
    Died in 1895.
  • 1894
    Lord Randolph started in the autumn of 1894, accompanied by his wife, but his health soon became so feeble that he was brought back hurriedly from Cairo.
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    His last speech in the House was delivered in the debate on Uganda in June 1894, and was a painful failure.
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  • 1893
    As the session of 1893 wore on, his speeches lost their old effectiveness.
    Jennings, however, who was dead when Harris recounted the story, was not a reliable source: his friendship with Churchill had ended acrimoniously after Randolph attacked the Tory party and several of its members in 1893.
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  • 1891
    In 1891, he went to South Africa, in search both of health and relaxation.
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  • 1889
    He was an ardent supporter of horse-racing, and, in 1889, he won the Epsom Oaks with a mare named the Abbesse de Jouarre.
  • 1886
    His management of the House was largely successful, marked by tact, discretion and temper. But he resigned suddenly on 20 December 1886.
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    He was now the recognised Conservative champion in the Lower Chamber, and when the second Salisbury administration was formed after the general election of 1886 he became Chancellor of the Exchequer and Leader of the House of Commons.
  • 1885
    In the autumn election of 1885 he contested Birmingham Central against John Bright, and though defeated here, was at the same time returned by a very large majority for South Paddington.
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    He sided with commercial interests and directed the Viceroy, Lord Dufferin, to invade Upper Burma in November 1885.
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    His services were, at any rate, far too important to be refused recognition; and in Lord Salisbury's 'caretaker' cabinet he was made Secretary of State for India on 24June 1885.
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    It was strengthened by the prominent part he played in the events immediately preceding the fall of the Liberal government in 1885; and when Hugh Childers's budget resolutions were defeated by the Conservatives, aided by about half the Parnellites, Lord Randolph Churchill's admirers were justified in proclaiming him to have been the "organiser of victory".
  • 1884
    Lord Randolph was not the originator but his campaign of 1884 encouraged the leadership to improve on their designs.
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  • 1880
    He gave constant attention to the party organisation, which had fallen into considerable disorder after 1880, and was an active promoter of the Primrose League.
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    The long controversy over Bradlaugh's seat showed that Lord Randolph Churchill was a parliamentary champion who added to his audacity much tactical skill and shrewdness. He continued to play a conspicuous part throughout the parliament of 1880 to 1885, targeting William Ewart Gladstone as well as the Conservative front bench, some of whose members, particularly Sir Richard Cross and William Henry Smith, he singled out for attack when they opposed the reduced Army estimates.
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    In the new parliament of 1880 he speedily began to play a more notable role.
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  • 1878
    It was not until 1878 that he came to public notice as the exponent of independent Conservatism.
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  • 1875
    In January 1875, only a month after Winston's birth, Randolph made repeated visits for an undisclosed ailment to the family doctor, Dr Oscar Clayton, a specialist in the treatment of syphilis at his London practice at 5,Harley Street.
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  • 1874
    Lord Randolph Churchill married a New Yorker Jennie Jerome, daughter of Leonard Jerome, on 15 April 1874.
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  • 1867
    Among lifelong friendships made at school were Edward Hamilton and Archibald Primrose. In October 1867 he matriculated and was admitted at Merton College, Oxford.
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  • 1863
    In January 1863 he travelled the short distance by private train to Eton College, where he remained until July 1865.
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  • 1849
    Born in 1849.
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