Marie of Romania

Queen of Romania Marie of Romania

Marie of Romania was Queen consort of Romania from 1914 to 1927, as the wife of Ferdinand of Romania.
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Biography
Marie of Romania's personal information overview.
Deceased
18 July 1938
home town
Eastwell Park

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Timeline
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    LATE ADULTHOOD
  • 1938
    Age 62
    In February 1938, she was sent to a sanatorium in Italy, in hopes that she might recover.
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  • 1937
    Age 61
    During the summer of 1937, Marie fell ill.
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  • FIFTIES
  • 1934
    Age 58
    In 1934, Marie visited England once again, meeting the Duchess of York, later Queen Elizabeth, by whom she was enchanted.
  • 1933
    Age 57
    After Carol turned to Ion Duca for help, the Iron Guard assassinated Duca in December 1933.
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  • 1931
    Age 55
    In 1931, Prince Nicholas eloped with Ioana Doletti, a divorced woman.
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    This betrothal was, however, short-lived and Marie never managed to conclude a political marriage for her youngest daughter, instead marrying her to the Italian-born Archduke Anton of Austria–Tuscany in 1931.
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  • 1930
    Age 54
    After talk of Ileana marrying the Tsar of Bulgaria or the Prince of Asturias, she was eventually betrothed to Alexander, Count of Hochberg, a minor German prince, in early 1930.
  • 1929
    Age 53
    Marie's popularity was severely affected during Michael's reign and, after refusing to be part of the regency council in 1929, she was accused by the press, and even by Princess Helen, of plotting a coup.
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  • 1927
    Age 51
    Morris accompanied the queen throughout her journey and offered a very detailed account of Marie's time in America in her book, published in 1927.
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  • 1926
    Age 50
    Prince Carol sparked a dynastic crisis when he officially renounced his rights to succeed Ferdinand on 5 January 1926, simultaneously waiving all parental rights over Prince Michael, who had been proclaimed heir.
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    She travelled by ship across the Atlantic Ocean and disembarked in New York, on 18 October 1926, accompanied by Prince Nicholas and Princess Ileana.
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    Hill wished it to be dedicated in 1926, and he conceived it as a monument to peace, to his wife Mary, and to Queen Marie herself.
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    Marie would be received into the Romanian Orthodox Church in 1926, mentioning a desire to be closer to her people.
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  • FORTIES
  • 1924
    Age 48
    In 1924, Ferdinand and Marie undertook a diplomatic tour of France, Switzerland, Belgium and the United Kingdom.
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  • 1922
    Age 46
    In 1922, Marie married her second daughter, "Mignon", to Alexander I of Serbia (later of Yugoslavia).
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    In 1922, she and Ferdinand were crowned in a specially-built cathedral in the ancient city of Alba Iulia, in an elaborate ceremony which mirrored their status as queen and king of a united state.
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  • 1920
    Age 44
    In 1920, Marie's eldest daughter, Princess Elisabeth, was engaged to Prince George of Greece, the eldest son of the deposed King Constantine I of Greece and Marie's cousin Sophia.
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  • 1919
    Age 43
    Marie arrived in Paris on 6 March 1919.
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  • 1918
    Age 42
    In 1918, Marie vehemently opposed the signing of the Treaty of Bucharest, giving rise to her description as "truly the only man in Romania".
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  • 1916
    Age 40
    Marie was distraught and wrote in her journal: "Can anything ever be the same?" After Bucharest fell to Austrian troops, the royal court was transferred to Iași, capital of the Moldavia region, in December 1916.
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    On 2 November 1916, Marie's youngest son, Prince Mircea, who had been sick with typhoid fever, died at Buftea.
    Ferdinand gave in to Marie's pleas, and he signed a treaty with the Entente on 17 August 1916.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1914
    Age 38
    On 11 October 1914, Marie and Ferdinand were acclaimed as king and queen in the Chamber of Deputies.
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    On 28 June 1914, at Sarajevo, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, was assassinated.
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  • 1907
    Age 31
    Marie only learned of the extent of repression used to quell the 1907 Romanian Peasants' Revolt once it was too late to intercede.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1903
    Age 27
    In 1903, Ferdinand and Marie inaugurated Pelișor, an Art Nouveau castle in Sinaia that King Carol commissioned for the royal couple.
  • 1897
    Age 21
    As much as she condemned Marie's behaviour, her mother allowed her to come to Coburg when, in 1897, she apparently became pregnant.
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    The winter of 1897/1898 was spent with the Russian Imperial family on the French Riviera, where Marie often rode horses, in spite of the low temperatures.
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  • 1896
    Age 20
    In 1896, Ferdinand and Marie moved to Cotroceni Palace, which had been extended by the Romanian architect Grigore Cerchez, and to which Marie added her own designs.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1894
    Age 18
    Similarly, although Marie was constantly reminded by Carol's wife Elisabeth that childbirth is "the most glorious moment in Marie's life", she could only feel a longing for her mother at the birth of her second child, Princess Elisabeth, in 1894.
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  • 1893
    Age 17
    Marie gave birth to her first child, Prince Carol, only nine months after the marriage, on 15 October 1893.
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    On 10 January 1893, Marie and Ferdinand were married at Sigmaringen Castle in three ceremonies: one civil, one Catholic (Ferdinand's religion) and one Anglican.
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  • 1892
    Age 16
    Of course the marriage will be delayed some time as Missy won't be 17 till the end of October!" German Empress Victoria, Marie's aunt, wrote to her daughter, Crown Princess Sophia of Greece, that "Missy is till now quite delighted, but the poor child is so young, how can she guess what is before her?" In late 1892, King Carol visited London in order to meet the Duke of Edinburgh and Queen Victoria, who eventually agreed to the marriage and appointed him a Knight of the Garter.
    Marie grew into a "lovely young woman" with "sparkling blue eyes and silky fair hair"; she was courted by several royal bachelors, including Prince George of Wales, who in 1892 became second in line to inherit the throne.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1886
    Age 10
    In 1886, when Marie was eleven years old, the Duke of Edinburgh was named commander-in-chief of the Mediterranean Fleet and the family took up residence at San Antonio Palace in Malta.
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  • 1875
    Born
    Marie's christening took place in the private chapel of Windsor Castle on 15 December 1875 and was officiated by Arthur Stanley and Gerald Wellesley, Dean of Windsor.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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