Nikolai Yezhov

Soviet politician Nikolai Yezhov

Nikolai Ivanovich Yezhov or Ezhov was the senior figure in the NKVD under Joseph Stalin during the period of the Great Purge. His reign is sometimes known as the "Yezhovshchina", "the Yezhov era", a term that began to be used during the de-Stalinization campaign of the 1950s. During the beginning of World War II his status within the USSR became that of a political unperson.
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Biography
Nikolai Yezhov's personal information overview.
Birthday
01 May 1895

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News
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Who's Afraid Of Hope Solo's Nipple? - Deadspin
Google News - over 6 years
But whether they merely messed with the contrast, or went over it with Photoshop's clone tool (and our resident photo expert guesses the latter), they made an attempt at erasing it from history, like some perky Nikolai Yezhov
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Within the Whirlwind: Stalin's Great Terror and a big question mark - World Socialist Web Site
Google News - over 6 years
Blame is levelled instead against people like Nikolai Yezhov, head of the secret police. Following his fall in 1939, hopes are placed in his successor Lavrenti Beria. There is also a long-time revolutionary, a member of the party years before the
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 Google News article
VIVERE DI TRADIMENTO, MORIRE DI TRADIMENTO - Come Don Chisciotte
Google News - almost 7 years
Nikolai Yezhov aveva prestato servizio come soldato nella rivoluzione russa come membro del partito durante l'ascesa di Stalin, poi capeggiò la famigerata purga stalinista. Si dice che un documento politico firmato da Yezhov servì a giustificare
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Consequences of the Premature Socialization of Agriculture in the USSR - Political Affairs Magazine
Google News - almost 7 years
Nikolai Yezhov was put at the head of the NKVD by Stalin in 1936. Molotov states that Yezhov “set arrest quotas by region, on down to districts. No fewer than two thousand must be liquidated in such and such region, no fewer than fifty in such and such
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Path to Dissent
NYTimes - over 7 years
THE ROAD Stories, Journalism, and Essays By Vasily Grossman Translated by Robert and Elizabeth Chandler with Olga Mukovnikova Illustrated. 373 pp. New York Review Books. Paper, $15.95 ''So what's happened to our Jews?'' the agronomist Koryako asks his neighbors, grinning slyly. ''Children, old men -- I haven't glimpsed a Jew all day. It's as if
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ABROAD; When a Picture Is Worth a Thousand Debates
NYTimes - over 8 years
There is a civil contract implied by photographs. An Israeli writer, Ariella Azoulay, published a book making that point. Henri Cartier-Bresson made it too. He described shooting pictures of people as a ''sort of violation,'' adding, ''if sensitivity is lacking, there can be something barbaric about it.'' There can be, of course, and not just when
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 NYTimes article
BOOKS OF THE TIMES; His Cure-All Was Murder
NYTimes - almost 14 years
STALIN The Court of the Red Tsar By Simon Sebag Montefiore 786 pages. Alfred A. Knopf. $30. During the height of the Stalinist terror, when even those closest to the dictator were in grave danger, members of the political elite lived in a state of perpetual dread, waiting each night for the groan of the elevators, the knock on the door, signaling
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 NYTimes article
Russia's Democratic Despot
NYTimes - almost 14 years
Vladimir Putin, who will be handily re-elected president of Russia today, is never going to become a Western-style, liberal-democratic politician, no matter how much we wish it. He is a quintessentially Russian leader, with very traditional aspirations and interests, and until the West gets used to it, he will continue to be a tantalizing source of
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A Bloody Job, but Someone's Got to Do It
NYTimes - over 25 years
FEAR By Anatoly Rybakov. Translated by Antonina W. Bouis. 686 pp. Boston: Little, Brown & Company. $24.95 THE example of Tolstoy's "War and Peace" has done irreparable damage to Russian literature in this century. Throughout the 1920's, 30's, 40's and into the 50's, Soviet writers labored mightily and mostly unsuccessfully (Mikhail Sholokhov and
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 NYTimes article
NOW IT CAN BE TOLD, EVEN IN RUSSIA
NYTimes - almost 28 years
LEAD: THE GREAT TERROR A Reassessment. By Robert Conquest. 570 pp. New York: Oxford University Press. $24.95. THE GREAT TERROR A Reassessment. By Robert Conquest. 570 pp. New York: Oxford University Press. $24.95. By early 1939, on the eve of World War II, at least one in 20 of the population of the Soviet Union had been arrested. Some eight
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 NYTimes article
Georgi Malenkov Dies at 86; Stalin Successor
NYTimes - about 30 years
LEAD: Georgi M. Malenkov, who was a leading political figure in the Soviet Union after the death of Stalin but who was ousted in a Kremlin power struggle and sent into political oblivion, died last month, a Soviet official said yesterday. He was 86 years old. Malenkov was Prime Minister for two years and, for a short time, head of the Communist
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THE GENERAL WAS GUILTY OF PROPHESYING; BY ROBERT C. TUCKER
NYTimes - about 35 years
MEMOIRS By Petro G. Grigorenko. Translated by Thomas P. Whitney. Illustrated. 462 pp. New York: W.W. Norton & Co. $19.95. THERE was very little in the life of the Soviet major general Petro G. Grigorenko before 1956 to indicate that he would subsequently become a leader of Russia's dissident movement. But his own moving and meaty account suggests
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Nikolai Yezhov
    FORTIES
  • 1940
    Age 44
    On February 2, 1940, Yezhov was tried by the Military Collegium chaired by Soviet judge Vasili Ulrikh behind closed doors.
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    He was arrested, confessed under torture to a range of anti-Soviet activity, and was executed in 1940.
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  • 1939
    Age 43
    Among the many people dragged down in Yezhov's fall was Isaak Babel: "In May 1939 Yezhov confessed that Babel had committed espionage together with wife Yevgenia.
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    Stalin was evidently content to ignore Yezhov for several months, finally ordering Beria to denounce him at the annual Presidium of the Supreme Soviet. On March 3, 1939, Yezhov was relieved of all his posts in the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, but retained his post as People's Commissar of Water Transportation.
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    He attended his last Politburo meeting on January 29, 1939.
  • 1938
    Age 42
    On November 19, 1938, Yevgenia committed suicide by taking an overdose of sleeping pills.
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    Earlier in 1938, Yezhov had even ordered the arrest of Beria, who was party chief in Georgia.
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    On August 22, 1938, Georgian NKVD leader Lavrenty Beria was named as Yezhov's deputy.
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    The defection to Japan of the Far Eastern NKVD chief, Genrikh Lyushkov on June 13, 1938, rightly worried Yezhov, who had protected Lyushkov from the purges and feared he would be blamed.
    Yezhov was appointed People's Commissar for Water Transport on April 6, 1938.
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  • 1937
    Age 41
    Yagoda was but the first of many to die by Yezhov's orders. Under Yezhov, the Great Purge reached its height during 1937–1938. 50-75% of the members of the Supreme Soviet and officers of the Soviet military were stripped of their positions and imprisoned, exiled to the Gulag's camps in Siberia or executed.
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  • 1936
    Age 40
    He became People's Commissar for Internal Affairs (head of the NKVD) and a member of the Central Committee on September 26, 1936, following the dismissal of Genrikh Yagoda.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1935
    Age 39
    From February 1935 to March 1939, he was also the Chairman of the Central Commission for Party Control.
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  • 1934
    Age 38
    In 1934, he was elected to the Central Committee of the Communist Party; in the next year he became a secretary of the Central Committee.
  • 1930
    Age 34
    In November 1930, he was appointed to the Head of several departments of the Communist Party: department of special affairs, department of personnel and department of industry.
  • 1929
    Age 33
    From 1929 to 1930, he was the Deputy People's Commissar for Agriculture.
  • 1927
    Age 31
    In 1927, he was transferred to the Accounting and Distribution Department of the Party where he worked as an instructor and acting head of the department.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1922
    Age 26
    After February 1922, he worked in the political system, mostly as a secretary of various regional committees of the Communist Party.
  • 1919
    Age 23
    During the Russian Civil War, 1919 - 1921, he fought in the Red Army.
  • 1917
    Age 21
    He joined the Bolsheviks on May 5, 1917 in Vitebsk, six months before the October Revolution.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1915
    Age 19
    From 1915 until 1917, Yezhov served in the Imperial Russian Army.
  • 1909
    Age 13
    He completed only his elementary education. From 1909 to 1915, he worked as a tailor's assistant and factory worker.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1895
    Born
    Born on May 1, 1895.
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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