Rafael Correa

Ecuadorian politician and economist Rafael Correa

Rafael Vicente Correa Delgado, M.A. , M. Sc. , Ph.D. is the President of the Republic of Ecuador and the former president pro tempore of the Union of South American Nations. An economist educated in Ecuador, Belgium and the United States, he was elected President in late 2006 and took office in January 2007. In December 2008, he declared Ecuador's national debt illegitimate, based on the argument that it was odious debt contracted by corrupt and despotic prior regimes.
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Onetime popular president eyed a return to power. Ecuador voters had other ideas
LATimes - 19 days
In a demonstration of the sometimes fleeting nature of populist power and political alliances, Ecuadoreans overwhelmingly voted Sunday to limit presidents to two terms, ending the chances of a return to office by the onetime popular Rafael Correa. The passage of the initiative put forward by President...
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 LATimes article
Ecuador's President Sees Left on the Mend
Wall Street Journal - 11 months
Ecuador’s departing president, Rafael Correa, hailed a reversal in the trend of leftist defeats in Latin America after voters elected his preferred successor, former Vice President Lenin Moreno
Article Link:
 Wall Street Journal article
Latin American Presidents Love Twitter – And That's Not A Good Sign
Huffington Post - 11 months
Miguel Angel Latouche, Universidad Central de Venezuela The Conversation Global’s series, Politics in the Age of Social Media, examines how governments around the world rely on digital tools to exercise power. Latin American democracy was born with an original sin: income inequality – the highest in the world. Thus it was that the region’s democratic institutions originated in a context of severe social exclusion and poverty. The US-style Madisonian model of democracy implemented across the region as its prevailing dictatorships ended in the 1980s – characterised by general elections, separation of powers, built-in checks and balances and civil control of the armed forces – did not match most Latin American nations’ cultural identities. That disconnect left significant gaps in governments’ ability to connect with and serve their people. Though democracy in Latin America is young, these fundamental structural problems have remained unsolved for 30 years, and the...
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 Huffington Post article
Ecuador Votes as Latin America’s Left Sags, a Generation of Icons Gone
NYTimes - about 1 year
An election without Rafael Correa, the longtime leftist leader of Ecuador, is one more step away from a movement that once swept the continent.
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 NYTimes article
Outgoing President Correa votes in Ecuador's election
Reuters.com - about 1 year
Ecuador's outgoing President Rafael Correa votes in a presidential election where he hopes to see an ally clinch enough support to avoid a runoff against a conservative ex-banker. Rough Cut (no reporter narration).
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 Reuters.com article
After a decade under one leader, Ecuadoreans head to polls to elect a new president
LATimes - about 1 year
Ecuadoreans go to the polls Sunday to elect a successor to President Rafael Correa, the mercurial, charismatic leftist whose social welfare and highway projects earned him widespread support among the poor but whose authoritarian tendencies over a decade in power raised the ire of human rights...
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 LATimes article
Ecuador Faces New Choices in Presidential Election
Wall Street Journal - about 1 year
Voters in Ecuador go to the polls Sunday for the first time in a decade to elect a president other than Rafael Correa, opening a new chapter for a country that had grown used to his free-spending, often combative ways.
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 Wall Street Journal article
Correa ally leads Ecuador election polls, but second round likely
Yahoo News - about 1 year
By Alexandra Valencia QUITO (Reuters) - Ecuador's ruling leftist party candidate leads voting intentions in the small Andean country ahead of presidential elections next month, but does not have enough support to win in the first round, two recent polls showed. After recent major losses for Latin America's leftist bloc, Ecuador's election is being scrutinized for a potential further setback as the end of a regional commodities boom and corruption scandals fuel voters' desire for change. Lenin Moreno, 63, a disabled career politician who uses a wheelchair, has garnered support with vows to continue popular president Rafael Correa's social programs, but the ballot seems increasingly likely to spill over to a second round in April.
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 Yahoo News article
New Developing Nations Leader Has Big Plans To Crack Down On Global Tax Dodging
Huffington Post - about 1 year
function onPlayerReadyVidible(e){'undefined'!=typeof HPTrack&&HPTrack.Vid.Vidible_track(e)}!function(e,i){if(e.vdb_Player){if('object'==typeof commercial_video){var a='',o='m.fwsitesection='+commercial_video.site_and_category;if(a+=o,commercial_video['package']){var c='&m.fwkeyvalues=sponsorship%3D'+commercial_video['package'];a+=c}e.setAttribute('vdb_params',a)}i(e.vdb_Player)}else{var t=arguments.callee;setTimeout(function(){t(e,i)},0)}}(document.getElementById('vidible_1'),onPlayerReadyVidible); WASHINGTON ― Eight months after the Panama Papers shed new light on the scale of tax avoidance by the global elite, Ecuador plans to make cracking down on tax havens the centerpiece of its leadership of the G-77 bloc of developing countries at the United Nations. Ecuador formally assumes leadership of the influential group on Friday, and one of its top priorities will be the creation of an international body to combat the practice of hiding wealth in countrie...
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 Huffington Post article
Ecuador sends troops to Chinese copper exploration project after protest
Yahoo News - about 1 year
By Alexandra Valencia QUITO (Reuters) - Ecuador sent soldiers and police on Thursday to an isolated jungle area after a policeman was killed and several security officials injured in a violent protest against a Chinese copper exploration project amid conflicts between mining companies and indigenous communities. Ecuador's president, Rafael Correa, declared a 30-day state of emergency in Morona Santiago province, home to the Panantza-San Carlos exploration project operated by the ExplorCobres company. "Violent people want to take over the mining camp," Correa said on Twitter.
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 Yahoo News article
Ecuador finance minister Herrera quitting for health reasons: Correa
Yahoo News - about 1 year
Ecuador's Finance Minister Fausto Herrera is stepping down for health reasons after three years in the cabinet, President Rafael Correa said on Thursday. "The economic team led by Fausto Herrera has done extraordinary work," Correa said during a meeting at the presidential palace in Quito. "He is leaving his post for health reasons, but the rest of the economic team is staying." The announcement came days after Herrera steered through a $750 million bond issue to finance the OPEC member's budget during difficult times due to the low price of crude.
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 Yahoo News article
World Leaders React To Fidel Castro’s Death
Huffington Post - about 1 year
function onPlayerReadyVidible(e){'undefined'!=typeof HPTrack&&HPTrack.Vid.Vidible_track(e)}!function(e,i){if(e.vdb_Player){if('object'==typeof commercial_video){var a='',o='m.fwsitesection='+commercial_video.site_and_category;if(a+=o,commercial_video['package']){var c='&m.fwkeyvalues=sponsorship%3D'+commercial_video['package'];a+=c}e.setAttribute('vdb_params',a)}i(e.vdb_Player)}else{var t=arguments.callee;setTimeout(function(){t(e,i)},0)}}(document.getElementById('vidible_1'),onPlayerReadyVidible); Heads of state from around the world are reacting to Fidel Castro’s death. Allies praised the global impact and legacy of Cuba’s former president, who died aged 90 on Friday. His opponents remembered him for heading a communist regime with a poor human rights record. President Barack Obama said that “at this time of Fidel Castro’s passing, we extend a hand of friendship to the Cuban people,” while President-elect Donald Trump simply confirmed the news. ...
Article Link:
 Huffington Post article
Ecuador Admits Cutting Julian Assange's Internet Over Election Meddling
Huffington Post - over 1 year
QUITO, Oct 18 - Ecuador’s government acknowledged on Tuesday it had partly restricted internet access for Julian Assange, the founder of anti-secrecy group WikiLeaks who has lived in the South American country’s London embassy since mid-2012. WikiLeaks said Assange lost connectivity on Sunday, sparking speculation Ecuador might have been pressured by the United States due to the group’s publication of hacked material linked to U.S. Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton. In a statement, Ecuador’s leftist government said WikiLeaks’ decision to publish documents impacting the U.S. election campaign was entirely its own responsibility, and the South American country did not cede to pressure from other nations. “In that respect, Ecuador, exercising its sovereign right, has temporarily restricted access to part of its communications systems in its UK Embassy,” it added in a statement. “The Ecuador government respects the principle of non-intervention in other count...
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 Huffington Post article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Rafael Correa
    FIFTIES
  • 2015
    Age 51
    The 2015 Ecuadorian protests are a series of protests that were initiated against Ecuadorean President Correa.
  • FORTIES
  • 2013
    Age 49
    In August 2013, Correa abandoned the initiative and approved oil drilling, blaming lack of support from the international community for the decision.
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    According to the Mitofsky of April 2013, as regards the "approval of leaders in America and the world", President Correa possesses a positive evaluation of 90%.
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    General elections were held in Ecuador on 17 February 2013 to elect the President, the National Assembly, Provincial Assemblies and members of the Andean Parliament.
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    Correa was re-elected in the 2013 general election.
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  • 2012
    Age 48
    According to the Mitofsky of April 2012, as regards the "approval of leaders in America and the world", President Correa possesses an excellent evaluation.
    An opinion poll carried out by Profiles of Opinion in the cities of Quito and Guayaquil, in March 2012 indicates that 80.5% of those interviewed categorize President Correa's administration as positive.
  • 2011
    Age 47
    His popularity even increased from 75% to 81% from August 2011 to January 2012.
    Correa announced a constitutional referendum, which took place on 7 May 2011.
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  • 2010
    Age 46
    The case related to unrest in September 2010, described by Mr Correa as an attempted coup, which saw him trapped inside a hospital for several hours by police officers. In an opinion article from February 2011 which appeared in El Universo, Emilio Palacio alleged that the president had ordered soldiers to fire on the hospital, which was full of civilians.
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    On 29 November 2010, UNASUR's presidency passed from Ecuador to Guyana.
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    Correa announced on 3 April 2010 that he would propose to UNASUR the creation of a united front against transnationals like the US company Chevron, which he accused of attempting to destroy his country.
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  • 2009
    Age 45
    On 10 August 2009 Correa hosted the Heads of Government of South America in Quito, as he took over the one year Pro Tempore Presidency of UNASUR.
    Correa was a signatory to the The UNASUR Constitutive Treaty of the Union of South American Nations on 15 July 2009.
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    Correa was sworn into the Presidency on 10 August 2009, the same day as Ecuador's bicentennial.
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    Rafael Correa was re-elected for a second term in the April 2009 general election, where he gained 52% of the vote.
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    He oversaw the introduction of a new constitution, and was re-elected in 2009.
  • 2008
    Age 44
    A constitutional referendum was held in Ecuador on 28 September 2008 to ratify or reject the constitution drafted by the Ecuadorian Constituent Assembly elected in 2007.
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    On 5 March 2008, Correa and Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez met to discuss Colombia's attack and made a series of accusations against Colombia's government.
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    Correa withdrew his government's ambassador in Bogotá, Colombia, and ordered troops to the country's border following the 2008 Andean diplomatic crisis in early March 2008. On 3 March 2008, Colombia's police said that documents found in a camp in Ecuador where Colombian troops killed Raul Reyes, a top guerrilla boss, showed ties between the FARC rebels and Correa, including contacts about political proposals and local military commanders.
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  • 2007
    Age 43
    On 3 August 2007, Correa ordered the deportation of Sean O'Hearn-Gimenez, director of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society, saying that he would not allow "gringuitos" (literally, "little gringos") to tell Ecuadorians what to do or to pursue local fishermen.
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    Upon his election, Correa began a weekly Saturday radio show, "The President Talks to his People", in which he discussed the week's events and answered questions from journalists. In August 2007 he signed Ecuador to TeleSUR, the pan-Latin American media service.
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    On 10 May 2007, Correa filed a lawsuit against Francisco Vivanco Riofrío of the board of directors of the Quito-based La Hora newspaper, over an editorial published in the paper on 9 March.
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    After his election victory of 15 April 2007, he pledged to maintain dollarisation during the entire four years of his administration, though he also indicated his support for the idea of replacing the US dollar with a regional South American currency at some point in the future.
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    On 26 July 2007, Rafael Correa replaced finance minister Patiño, due to Patiño's appearance in a video recording, apparently discussing the market manipulation.
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    In February 2007, Correa's economy minister Ricardo Patiño stated: "I have no intention … of accepting what some governments in the past have accepted: that (the IMF) tell us what to do on economic policy." "That seems unacceptable to us," Patiño added. However, as a member of the IMF, the annual report known as the "Article IV" report will be submitted. In May 2007, evidence surfaced that some of the Ecuadorian government rhetoric might have been part of an alleged market manipulation to benefit Ecuador from movements in the price of financial instruments linked to Ecuadorian Bonds.
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    Elections to establish a Constituent Assembly were held in 2007 and were won by Correa's government with over 60% of the vote.
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    Correa ordered a plebiscite on the issue or whether or not Ecuador should establish a new constitution in April 2007; the proposal passed with over 80% of the vote.
    In February 2007, Correa's plan to have a referendum on the convening of a constituent assembly was approved by Congress.
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    He was sworn in on 15 January 2007 as the 56th president of Ecuador, the seventh to occupy the post since the legislature removed president Abdalá Bucaram 10 years earlier in the midst of a debt crisis that had devastated the country.
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    Taking office in January 2007, he sought to move away from Ecuador's neoliberal economic model by reducing the influence of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund.
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  • 2006
    Age 42
    Rafael Correa was officially declared President of Ecuador on 4 December 2006 by the country's electoral court.
    Correa won the subsequent November 2006 runoff election with 57% of the vote.
    In the October 2006 general election, Correa obtained second place (23%) behind banana tycoon Álvaro Noboa (27%).
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    In October 2006, Correa added that he would "pursue and capture" FARC members if they enter Ecuador.
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    However, the Alianza PAIS movement signed a political alliance with the Ecuadorian Socialist Party, which did present candidates for Congress. On 31 July 2006, Alianza PAIS also signed a Programmatic Political Agreement with the Communist Party of Ecuador when Correa was postulated for candidate for president.
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    Correa decided to campaign for the presidency in the 2006 presidential election, although at the time he was a largely unknown figure among the Ecuadorean public.
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    Correa won the presidency in the 2006 general election on a platform criticizing the established political elites.
  • 2005
    Age 41
    In 2005, Correa was appointed to the position of economy and finance minister in the government of President Alfredo Palacio, having previously advised Palacio before his ascension to the presidency.
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    Born to a lower middle-class mestizo family in Guayaquil, Correa studied economics at the Universidad Católica de Santiago de Guayaquil, the Université catholique de Louvain, and the University of Illinois, where he received his PhD. Returning to Ecuador, in 2005 he became the Minister for the Economy in President Alfredo Palacio's government, successfully lobbying Congress for increased spending on health and education projects.
  • THIRTIES
  • 2002
    Age 38
    Correa argued for reforms to be made to a fund that had been established on the advice of the International Monetary Fund in 2002 to collect and distribute Ecuador's oil revenue.
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  • 2000
    Age 36
    Correa has criticized the neoliberal policies of previous presidents, particularly former president Mahuad's adoption of the U.S. dollar as Ecuador's domestic currency in 2000 to combat the country's inflation.
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  • 1998
    Age 34
    He established a committee to investigate any alleged crimes within the banking sector that took place between 1998 and 2002 and which led to the country's banking crisis and bailout.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1993
    Age 29
    In 1993 he was a director at the Ministry of Education and Culture (MEC) in Ecuador, with administrative oversight and supervision of improvement programs for the national educational system.
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  • 1991
    Age 27
    He received a Master of Arts in Economics from the Université Catholique de Louvain in June 1991.
  • 1986
    Age 22
    When attending UCSG, he was elected President of the Association of Students of Economy, Audit and Administration (AEAA) and, later on, President of the Federation of Students (FEUC) of the same education center, a position which in 1986 allowed him to preside over the Private Universities Students Federation of Ecuador (FEUPE in Spanish).
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1979
    Age 15
    Correa was the first leftist to assume the presidency since Ecuador's transition to representative democratic governance in 1979.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1963
    Born
    Born on April 6, 1963.
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