Robert F. Kennedy

American Senator Robert F. Kennedy

Robert Francis "Bobby" Kennedy, also referred to by his initials RFK, was an American politician, a Democratic senator from New York, and a noted civil rights activist. An icon of modern American liberalism and member of the Kennedy family, he was a younger brother of President John F. Kennedy and acted as one of his advisors during his presidency. From 1961 to 1964, he was the U.S. Attorney General.
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Biography
Robert F. Kennedy's personal information overview.
Deceased
06 June 1968

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NYTimes - over 6 years
THE GIRL IN THE POLKA-DOT DRESS By Beryl Bainbridge 162 pp. Europa Editions. Paper, $15. On May 30, 1888, Anton Chekhov wrote exasperatedly to a friend, the newspaper editor A. S. Suvorin, complaining about the state of contemporary Russian literature, filled with its moral injunctions and its pious prescriptions for human behavior. The writer, he
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Joe Kennedy III: 3rd generation of Kennedy politicians on horizon as buzz ... - Daily Mail
Google News - over 6 years
Here John F. Kennedy, left, Robert Kennedy, and Ted Kennedy, right, stand together in Hyannis Port, Massachusetts Kennedy Compound: It was once the home of Joseph P. Kennedy, Senior, his wife Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, and two of their sons, US President
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Colleges shifting course in tight, changing times - Ct Post
Google News - over 6 years
Robert Kennedy, former president of the University of Maine, has been named interim president of the board by Gov. Dannel P. Malloy. Michael P. Meotti, the current interim president, will become executive vice president under the new hierarchy
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Governor Malloy appoints Dr. Kennedy to hiher education board - Connectcut Plus
Google News - over 6 years
By Governor Malloy's office HARTFORD, CT - Governor Dannel P. Malloy appointed earlier this week Dr. Robert Kennedy, immediate past president of the University of Maine, as the Interim President of the Board of Regents of Higher Education,
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Joseph Kennedy III joins Middlesex DA's Office - Milford Daily News
Google News - over 6 years
Joe Kennedy and grandson of Robert Kennedy, mostly recently served as a prosecutor in the Cape and Islands District Attorney's Office. “Joe's extensive civic and community involvement combined with his impressive personal qualities gives us great
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Impact of RFK's Historic Trip to South Africa Still Reverberates - MPBN News
Google News - over 6 years
On June 6th, 1966, two years before the day he would die from an assassin's bullet, Robert Kennedy delivered a speech in Cape Town that Margaret Mitchell likes to quote from for its message of individual empowerment. "Each time a man stands up for an
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Getting to know Robert Kennedy - Ruston Daily Leader
Google News - over 6 years
Beginning Friday night, area residents will have a chance to view a play paralleling today's society with that of the 1960s. “RFK,” written by Jack Holmes, will be performed at 8 pm Friday and Saturday night at the Norton Building
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'The Last Mountain' Brings a Kennedy and the Appalacian Mountains to Chilmark - Patch.com
Google News - over 6 years
Robert Kennedy, Jr. will be on hand at this week's MVFF screening to discuss mountain-top coal removal, wind power and a film that focuses on both. By Mathea Morais Martha's Vineyard is no stranger to the energy debate, but mountain top coal mining may
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Action News Hawk helps police capture suspect - KTNV Las Vegas
Google News - over 6 years
Police say it was their quick thinking that helped catch Robert Kennedy, 35, who's now in custody for robbing a Walgreens on East Tropicana early Friday morning. "We want to thank you over at Channel 13," says Metro's Public Information Officer,
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Kosse Fireworks additions - Groesbeck Journal
Google News - over 6 years
Ms. Christine Kelly and Robert Kennedy. You must be an online subscriber to view this story. The full version of this story will be available to all readers after 4 weeks. Full versions of news stories from the current week are available to online
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Police capture suspected pharmacy burglar after traffic mishap - Las Vegas Sun
Google News - over 6 years
James Robert Kennedy, 35, has now been charged with burglary and possession of stolen property after he fled from the drug store and was later captured by police. Metro Police say the episode started unfolding around 5:40 am when a passerby saw a man
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Milton Gwirtzman, Adviser to Kennedys, Dies at 78
NYTimes - over 6 years
Milton S. Gwirtzman, a Washington insider who advised John, Robert and Edward Kennedy and wrote speeches for them while helping the family navigate difficult political seas and emotional traumas over the years, died Saturday at his home in Bethesda, Md. He was 78. The cause was a metastatic melanoma, said his wife, Katherine Krents. Within the
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Milton S. Gwirtzman, D.C. lawyer and confidant to Kennedy brothers, dies at 74 - Washington Post
Google News - over 6 years
Mr. Gwirtzman also worked for Robert Kennedy's presidential campaign in 1968. After Robert Kennedy was assassinated that year, Mr. Gwirtzman helped draft a eulogy that was delivered by Ted Kennedy. Mr. Gwirtzman then co-wrote — with William J. vanden
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Robert Kennedy Jr. says West Virginia coal industry out of control in documentary - MiamiHerald.com
Google News - over 6 years
SEATTLE - "West Virginia has lost the capacity to govern itself," says Robert Kennedy Jr. on the phone. "We need federal intervention." Kennedy, who suffers from the rare speech impediment spasmodic dysphonia, speaks in a pinched,
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Robert F. Kennedy
    FORTIES
  • 1968
    Age 42
    Shortly after midnight on June 5, 1968, after defeating Senator Eugene McCarthy in the California presidential primary, he was shot by Sirhan Sirhan, a 24-year-old Palestinian, and died the following day.
    In 1968, Kennedy was a leading candidate for the Democratic nomination for the presidency, appealing especially to poor, African-American, Hispanic, and Catholic voters.
    In May 1968, while on a campaign swing through Oregon, Kennedy defended his gun control policy as keeping firearms away from "people who have no business" with them, elaborating that they were criminals, individuals with mental issues, and the underaged.
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    Jerry Bruno, an "advance man" for JFK who also worked on RFK's 1968 Presidential campaign, would later state in 1993: "I talked to Robert Kennedy many times about the Warren Commission, and he never doubted their result."
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    In 1968, Kennedy expressed his strong willingness to support a bill then under consideration for the abolition of the death penalty.
    The British playwright Roy Smiles' play about RFK's 1968 presidential campaign, The Last Pilgrim, was staged in London in 2010.
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    The 2008 film A Ripple of Hope is a documentary that retells his call for peace during a campaign stop in Indianapolis on April 4, 1968, the night of the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.
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    Documentary filmmaker DA Pennebaker made several films featuring Kennedy. His short film Jingle Bells (1964) follows Kennedy and his children as they celebrate Christmas in New York City with local school children and Sammy Davis, Jr. His later film Hickory Hill documents the 1968 Annual Spring Pet Show at Hickory Hill, the Kennedy Virginia estate.
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    The Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice and Human Rights was founded in 1968, with an international award program to recognize human rights activists.
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    In his Indianapolis speech on April 4, 1968, following the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., Bobby slightly misquoted these lines from Aeschylus:
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    During a campaign speech at Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana, on April 4, 1968, he questioned the student body on what kind of life Americans wished for themselves, whether privileged Americans had earned the great luxury they enjoyed, and whether such Americans had an obligation to those in U.S. society, and across the world, who had so little by comparison.
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    Kennedy scored a major victory in winning the California primary. He addressed his supporters shortly after midnight on June 5, 1968, in a ballroom at The Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California.
    On April 4, 1968, Kennedy learned of the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. and gave a heartfelt impromptu speech in Indianapolis's inner city, calling for a reconciliation between the races.
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    After much speculation, and reports leaking out about his plans, and seeing in McCarthy's success that Johnson's hold on the job was not as strong as originally thought, Kennedy declared his candidacy on March 16, 1968, in the Caucus Room of the old Senate office building, the same room where his brother had declared his own candidacy eight years earlier.
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    After the Tet Offensive in Vietnam in early February 1968, he received a letter from writer Pete Hamill that said poor people kept pictures of President Kennedy on their walls and that Kennedy had an "obligation of staying true to whatever it was that put those pictures on those walls."
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    In late May 1968, shortly before he was assassinated, Kennedy called the war "the gravest kind of error" in a speech in Corvallis, Oregon. In an interview on June 4, hours before he was shot, Kennedy continued to advocate a change in policy towards the war in Vietnam. In 1968, President Johnson prepared to run for re-election.
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    On February 8, 1968, Kennedy delivered an address in Chicago, Illinois, where he critiqued Saigon "government corruption" and expressed his disagreement with the Johnson administration's stance that the war would determine the future of Asia.
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    An icon of modern American liberalism, and a member of the Democratic Party, Kennedy ran for its presidential nomination in the 1968 election.
  • 1967
    Age 41
    Robert B. Semple, Jr. repeated similar sentiments in September 1967, writing the Johnson administration was preparing "a concentrated attack" on Robert F. Kennedy's proposal that Semple claimed would "build more and better low-cost housing in the slums through private enterprise."
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    Sirhan later said that he felt betrayed by Kennedy's support for Israel in the June 1967 Six-Day War, which had begun exactly one year before the assassination.
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    On November 26, 1967, during an appearance on Face the Nation, Kennedy asserted his view that the Johnson administration had deviated from his brother's policies in Vietnam, his first time he contrasted the two administrations' policies on the war.
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    On May 15, 1967, Kennedy debated Governor of California Ronald Reagan about the Vietnam War.
    On March 2, 1967, Kennedy outlined a three-point plan to end the war which included suspending the U.S. bombing of North Vietnam, and the eventual withdrawal of American and North Vietnamese soldiers from South Vietnam; this plan was rejected by Secretary of State Dean Rusk, who believed North Vietnam would never agree to it.
    In the early part of 1967, Kennedy traveled to Europe, where he had discussions relating to the Vietnam conflict with leaders and diplomats.
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  • 1966
    Age 40
    On June 29, 1966, Kennedy released a statement disavowing President Johnson's choice to bomb Haiphong, but he avoided criticizing either the war or President Johnson's overall foreign policy, believing that it might harm Democratic candidates in the 1966 midterm elections.
    In April 1966, Kennedy had a private meeting with Philip Heymann of the State Department's Bureau of Security and Consular Affairs to discuss efforts to secure the release of American prisoners of war in Vietnam.
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    Kennedy undertook a 1966 tour of South Africa in which he championed the cause of the anti-apartheid movement.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1965
    Age 39
    Kennedy drew attention in Congress early on as the brother of President Kennedy, which set him apart from other senators. He drew more than fifty senators as spectators when he delivered a speech in the Senate on nuclear proliferation in June 1965.
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    While serving in the Senate, Kennedy advocated for gun control. In May 1965, he co-sponsored S1592, proposed by President Johnson and sponsored by Senator Thomas J. Dodd, that would put federal restrictions on gun sales.
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    Kennedy cautioned Johnson against sending combat troops as early as 1965, but Johnson chose instead to follow the recommendation of the rest of his predecessor's still intact staff of advisers.
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    Though bothered by the beginning of the bombing of North Vietnam in February 1965, Kennedy did not wish to appear antipathetic to the president's agenda.
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    He supported desegregation busing, integration of all public facilities, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and anti-poverty social programs to increase education, offer opportunities for employment, and provide health care for African Americans.
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    He served as a senator for New York from 1965 until his assassination in 1968.
  • 1964
    Age 38
    On September 27, 1964, Kennedy issued a statement through his New York campaign office: "As I said in Poland last summer, I am convinced Oswald was solely responsible for what happened and that he did not have any outside help or assistance.
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    His opponent in the 1964 race was Republican incumbent Kenneth Keating, who attempted to portray Kennedy as an arrogant carpetbagger.
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    Nine months after his brother's assassination, Kennedy left the cabinet to run for a seat in the U.S. Senate representing New York, announcing his candidacy on August 22, 1964, two days before that year's Democratic National Convention.
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    In July 1964, Johnson issued an official statement ruling out all of his current cabinet members as potential running mates, judging them to be "so valuable... in their current posts".
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    Democratic organizers were supportive of his being a vice-presidential, write-in candidate in the New Hampshire primary. 25,000 Democrats wrote in Kennedy's name in March 1964, only 3,700 fewer than the number of Democrats who wrote in Johnson's name as their pick for president.
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    In the wake of the assassination of his brother, Lyndon Johnson's ascension to the presidency and the office of Vice President now vacant, Kennedy was viewed favorably as a potential candidate for the position in the 1964 presidential election.
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    Kennedy was asked by Democratic Party leaders to introduce a film about his late brother at the 1964 party convention.
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    Kennedy saw voting as the key to racial justice and collaborated with Presidents Kennedy and Johnson to create the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964, which helped bring an end to Jim Crow laws.
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  • 1963
    Age 37
    The ten-month investigation by the Warren Commission of 1963–1964 concluded that the president had been assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald and that Oswald had acted alone.
    At the time of the assassination of President Kennedy on November 22, 1963, RFK was at home with aides from the Justice Department when J. Edgar Hoover called and told him his brother had been shot.
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    Evelyn Lincoln wrote of that November 19, 1963, conversation just three days before Kennedy's assassination.
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  • 1962
    Age 36
    In September 1962, he sent U.S. Marshals to Oxford, Mississippi, to enforce a federal court order allowing the admittance of the first African-American student, James Meredith, to the University of Mississippi.
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    However, ample evidence exists disputing that fact, specifically that Kennedy was only informed of an earlier plot involving the CIA's use of Mafia bosses Santo Trafficante, Jr. and John Roselli during a briefing on May 7, 1962, and in fact directed the CIA to halt any existing efforts directed at Castro's assassination.
    Asked in an interview in May 1962, "What do you see as the big problem ahead for you, is it crime or internal security?" Kennedy replied, "Civil rights."
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    Kennedy remained committed to civil rights enforcement to such a degree that he commented in 1962 that it seemed to envelop almost every area of his public and private life, from prosecuting corrupt southern electoral officials to answering late night calls from Coretta Scott King concerning the imprisonment of her husband for demonstrations in Alabama.
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  • 1961
    Age 35
    Concurrently, Kennedy served as the president's personal representative in Operation Mongoose, the post-Bay of Pigs covert operations program established in November 1961 by the president.
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    He predicted during an interview in May 1961 that an African-American "can also achieve the same position that my brother has as President of the United States" over the course of the next thirty to forty years.
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    Kennedy expressed the administration's commitment to civil rights during a 1961 speech at the University of Georgia Law School:
    As one of the president's closest White House advisers, Kennedy played a crucial role in the events surrounding the Berlin Crisis of 1961.
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    At the behest of Johnson, Baker persuaded the influential Southern Senator Richard Russell to allow a voice vote to confirm the President's brother in January 1961, as Kennedy "would have been lucky to get 40 votes" on a roll-call vote.
    He was appointed Attorney General after the successful election and served as the closest adviser to the president from 1961 to 1963.
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    He was previously the 64th U.S. Attorney General from 1961 to 1964, serving under his older brother, President John F. Kennedy and his successor, President Lyndon B. Johnson.
  • 1960
    Age 34
    Although it has become commonplace to assert the phrase "The Kennedy Administration" or even "President Kennedy" when discussing the legislative and executive support of the civil rights movement, between 1960 and 1963 a great many of the initiatives that occurred during his tenure were the result of the passion and determination of an emboldened Robert Kennedy, who, through his rapid education in the realities of Southern racism, underwent a thorough conversion of purpose as attorney general.
    After winning the 1960 presidential election, President-elect John F. Kennedy appointed his younger brother Attorney General.
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    In 1960, Kennedy published the successful book, which he had drafted over the summer of the previous year, The Enemy Within, describing the corrupt practices within the Teamsters and other unions that he had helped investigate.
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    His older brothers were Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. (1915–1944) and John F. "Jack" Kennedy (1917–1963), who was elected the 35th President of the United States in 1960.
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    Kennedy was the campaign manager for his brother John in the 1960 presidential election.
  • 1959
    Age 33
    He left the Rackets Committee in late 1959 in order to run his brother's presidential campaign.
  • 1957
    Age 31
    He soon made a name for himself as the chief counsel to the 1957–59 Senate Labor Rackets Committee under chairman John L. McClellan.
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    He gained national attention as the chief counsel of the Senate Labor Rackets Committee from 1957 to 1959, where he publicly challenged Teamsters President Jimmy Hoffa over the corrupt practices of its union and authored The Enemy Within, a book about corruption in organized labor.
  • 1956
    Age 30
    Kennedy was also a delegate at the 1956 Democratic National Convention, having replaced Tip O'Neil at the request of his brother John, joining in what was ultimately an unsuccessful effort to help JFK get the vice presidential nomination.
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    Kennedy went on to work as an aide to Adlai Stevenson during the 1956 presidential election which helped him learn how campaigns worked, in preparation for a future run by his brother, Jack.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1954
    Age 28
    For his work on the McCarthy committee, Kennedy was included in a list of Ten Outstanding Young Men of 1954, created by the U.S. Junior Chamber of Commerce.
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    After a period as an assistant to his father on the Hoover Commission, Kennedy rejoined the Senate committee staff as chief counsel for the Democratic minority in February 1954.
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  • 1953
    Age 27
    The period of July 1953 to January 1954 saw him have "a professional and personal nadir", feeling that he was adrift while trying to prove himself to the rest of the Kennedy family.
    He resigned in July 1953, but "retained a fondness for McCarthy".
  • 1952
    Age 26
    In December 1952, at the behest of his father, Kennedy was appointed by Republican Senator Joseph McCarthy as assistant counsel of the U.S. Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations.
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    On June 6, 1952, Kennedy resigned to manage his brother Jack's successful 1952 U.S. Senate campaign in Massachusetts.
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    In February 1952, he was transferred to the Eastern District of New York in Brooklyn to prosecute fraud cases.
  • 1951
    Age 25
    In November 1951, Kennedy moved with his wife and daughter to a townhouse in Georgetown in Washington, D.C., and started work as a lawyer in the Internal Security Section of the Criminal Division of the U.S. Department of Justice; the section was charged with investigating suspected Soviet agents.
    In October 1951, he embarked on a seven-week Asian trip with his brother John (then Massachusetts 11th district congressman) and their sister Patricia to Israel, India, Vietnam, and Japan.
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    In September 1951, he went to San Francisco as a correspondent for the Boston Post to cover the convention concluding the Treaty of Peace with Japan.
    Kennedy graduated from law school in June 1951 and flew with Ethel to Greenwich to stay in his father-in-law's guest house.
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  • 1950
    Age 24
    On June 17, 1950, Kennedy married socialite Ethel Skakel, the third daughter of businessman George and Ann Skakel (née Brannack), at St. Mary's Catholic Church in Greenwich, Connecticut.
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    On June 17, 1950, Kennedy married Ethel Skakel at St. Mary's Catholic Church in Greenwich, Connecticut.
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  • 1948
    Age 22
    In September 1948, he enrolled at the University of Virginia School of Law in Charlottesville.
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  • 1946
    Age 20
    Throughout 1946, Kennedy became active in his brother John's campaign for the U.S. Representative seat vacated by James Michael Curley, joining the campaign full-time after his naval discharge.
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    In September 1946, Kennedy entered Harvard as a junior, having received credit for his time in the V-12 program.
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    On May 30, 1946, he received his honorable discharge from the Navy.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1945
    Age 19
    On December 15, 1945, the U.S. Navy commissioned the destroyer, and shortly thereafter granted Kennedy's request to be released from naval-officer training to serve aboard Kennedy starting on February 1, 1946 as a seaman apprentice on the ship's shakedown cruise in the Caribbean.
  • 1944
    Age 18
    Kennedy's brother Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. was killed in action in August 1944, after his bomber exploded during a volunteer mission known as Operation Aphrodite.
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    Six weeks before his 18th birthday, Kennedy enlisted in the United States Naval Reserve as a Seaman Apprentice, but was released from active duty until March 1944 when he left Milton Academy early to report to the V-12 Navy College Training Program at Harvard College in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
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  • 1942
    Age 16
    In September 1942, Kennedy transferred to his third boarding school, Milton Academy, in Milton, Massachusetts, for eleventh and twelfth grades.
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  • 1939
    Age 13
    In September 1939, Kennedy began eighth grade at St. Paul's School, an elite Protestant private preparatory school for boys in Concord, New Hampshire, that his father favored.
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    In April 1939, he gave his first public speech at the laying of a cornerstone for a youth club in England.
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  • 1938
    Age 12
    In March 1938, Kennedy sailed with his mother and his four youngest siblings to England to join his father who had begun serving as ambassador to the United Kingdom.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1933
    Age 7
    Kennedy spent summers with his family at their compound in Hyannis Port, Massachusetts, and Christmas and Easter holidays at their winter home in Palm Beach, Florida, purchased in 1933.
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  • 1927
    Age 1
    In September 1927, the Kennedy family moved to Riverdale, New York, a wealthy neighborhood in the Bronx, then two years later, moved northeast to Bronxville, New York.
  • 1925
    Born
    Robert F. Kennedy was born on November 20, 1925, in Brookline, Massachusetts, the seventh child of businessman/politician Joseph P. "Joe" Kennedy, Sr. (1888–1969) and philanthropist Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy (1890–1995).
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