W. Averell Harriman

American businessman, politician and diplomat W. Averell Harriman

William Averell Harriman was an American Democratic Party politician, businessman, and diplomat. He was the son of railroad baron E. H. Harriman. He served as Secretary of Commerce under President Harry S. Truman and later as the 48th Governor of New York. He was a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1952, and again in 1956 when he was endorsed by President Truman but lost to Adlai Stevenson both times.
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Biography
W. Averell Harriman's personal information overview.
Deceased
26 July 1986

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Tướng Kỳ - Một cuộc đời nhiều khen chê - BBC Tiếng Việt
Google News - over 6 years
Tinh thần tự chủ, độc lập của ông thể hiện qua cách đối đáp với tướng Lewis W. Walt, Đại sứ Maxwell Taylor, với nhà ngoại giao Averell W. Harriman, hay Bộ trưởng Quốc phòng Robert McNamara, các Thượng nghị sĩ William J. Fulbright, George McGovern
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 Google News article
AAR hands out annual Harriman, Hammond awards - Progressive Rail Roading
Google News - almost 7 years
Founded in 1913 by the late Mary W. Harriman in memory of her husband, railroad pioneer Edward H. Harriman, the awards recognize railroads that achieved the lowest casualty rates per 200000 manhours. The awards are administered by the EH Harriman
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Harriman Awards: NS streak at 22 - RailwayAge Magazine
Google News - almost 7 years
The Harriman Awards were established by the late Mrs. Mary W. Harriman in memory of her husband, Edward H. Harriman, whom the ARR refers to as “an American legend in railroading.” Today, the awards are administered by the EH Harriman Memorial Awards
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Paid Notice: Deaths GERRY, ELBRIDGE T.
NYTimes - almost 19 years
GERRY-Elbridge T. Died on February 26, at the age of 90, following a short illness at his home in Delhi, NY. Survived by his wife of 67 years, Marjorie Kane, two sons Elbridge T. Jr., of Locust Valley, NY, and Peter G. of Hopewell, NJ, a daughter Marjorie G. Ryland of Beverly, MA, two brothers Edward H. Gerry and Henry A. Gerry, 11 grandchildren
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 NYTimes article
William Hughes Mulligan, 78, Judge and Dean of Law School
NYTimes - almost 22 years
William Hughes Mulligan, a retired New York lawyer who was dean of the Fordham University School of Law and a Federal appeals court judge, died yesterday at Lawrence Hospital in Bronxville, N.Y. A Bronxville resident, he was 78. The cause was complications from a stroke, the university said. Mr. Mulligan also took part in Roman Catholic activities
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of W. Averell Harriman
    LATE ADULTHOOD
  • 1986
    Age 94
    He died on July 26, 1986 in Yorktown Heights, New York, at the age of 94.
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  • 1978
    Age 86
    Harriman was appointed senior member of the US Delegation to the United Nations General Assembly's Special Session on Disarmament in 1978.
  • 1973
    Age 81
    In 1973 he was interviewed in the now famous TV documentary series, The World at War, where he gives a recollection of his experiences as Roosevelt's Personal Representative in Britain along with his views on Cold War politics; in particular Poland and the Warsaw Pact; along with the exchanges he witnessed between Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin.
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  • 1971
    Age 79
    His third and final marriage was in 1971 to Pamela Beryl Digby Churchill Hayward, the former wife of Winston Churchill's son Randolph, and widow of Broadway producer Leland Hayward.
  • 1969
    Age 77
    Harriman received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, with Distinction, in 1969 and West Point's Sylvanus Thayer Award in 1975.
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  • 1963
    Age 71
    Harriman certainly supported the coup against the South Vietnam president Ngo Dinh Diem in 1963.
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    According to Colonel William Corson, USMC, by 1963 Harriman was running "Vietnam without consulting the president or the attorney general."
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    President-elect Kennedy appointed Harriman as ambassador-at-large, to operate "with the full confidence of the president and an intimate knowledge of all aspects of United States policy." But by 1963, Kennedy had come to suspect the loyalty of certain members on his national security team.
  • 1961
    Age 69
    In December 1961, Anatoliy Golitsyn defected from the Soviet Union and accused Harriman of being a Soviet spy, but his claims were dismissed by the CIA and Harriman remained in his position until April 1963, when he became Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs.
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    Despite the failure of his presidential ambitions, Harriman became a widely respected elder statesman of the party. In January 1961, he was appointed Ambassador at Large in the Kennedy administration, a position he held until November, when he became Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs.
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  • 1958
    Age 66
    He served as governor for one term until Republican Nelson Rockefeller unseated him in 1958.
  • 1954
    Age 62
    In the 1954 race to succeed Republican Thomas E. Dewey as Governor of New York, Harriman defeated Dewey's protege, U.S. Senator Irving M. Ives, by a tiny margin.
  • 1952
    Age 60
    Harriman was a candidate for the Democratic Presidential Nomination in 1952, and again in 1956 when he was endorsed by Truman but lost (both times) to Illinois governor Adlai Stevenson.
    He was a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1952, and again in 1956 when he was endorsed by President Truman but lost to Adlai Stevenson both times.
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  • FIFTIES
  • 1951
    Age 59
    Harriman was then sent to Tehran in July 1951 to mediate between Iran and Britain in the wake of the Iranian nationalization of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company.
  • 1948
    Age 56
    In 1948, he was put in charge of the Marshall Plan.
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  • 1946
    Age 54
    From April to October 1946, he was ambassador to Britain, but he was soon appointed to become United States Secretary of Commerce under President Harry S. Truman to replace Henry A. Wallace, a critic of Truman's foreign policies.
    Harriman served as ambassador to the Soviet Union until January 1946.
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  • 1945
    Age 53
    In 1945, while Ambassador to the Soviet Union, Harriman was presented with a Trojan Horse gift. In 1952, the gift, a carved wood Great Seal of the United States, which had adorned "the ambassador's Moscow residential office" in Spaso House, was found to be bugged.
  • 1943
    Age 51
    At the Tehran Conference in late 1943 Harriman was tasked with placating a suspicious Churchill while Roosevelt attempted to gain the confidence of Stalin.
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    Harriman was appointed as United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union in 1943.
  • 1942
    Age 50
    In the summer of 1942, Harriman accompanied Churchill to the Moscow Conference to explain to Stalin why the western allies were carrying out operations in North Africa instead of opening the promised second front in France.
  • FORTIES
  • 1941
    Age 49
    On November 25, 1941 (twelve days before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor), he noted that "The United States Navy is shooting the Germans—German submarines and aircraft at sea".
    He was present at the meeting between FDR and Winston Churchill at Placentia Bay, in August 1941, which yielded the Atlantic Charter, a common declaration of principles of the United States and the UK.
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    Beginning in the spring of 1941, Harriman served President Franklin D. Roosevelt as a special envoy to Europe and helped coordinate the Lend-Lease program.
  • 1938
    Age 46
    Harriman's banking business was the main Wall Street connection for German companies and the varied U.S. financial interests of Fritz Thyssen; who was a financial backer of the Nazi party until 1938.
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  • 1937
    Age 45
    He served as Chairman of The Business Council, then known as the Business Advisory Council for the United States Department of Commerce in 1937 and 1939.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1931
    Age 39
    In 1931, it merged with Brown Bros. & Co. to create the highly successful Wall Street firm Brown Brothers Harriman & Co.
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  • 1927
    Age 35
    In 1927 his brother Roland joined the business and the name was changed to Harriman Brothers & Company.
  • 1922
    Age 30
    Using money from his father he established W.A. Harriman & Co banking business in 1922.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1913
    Age 21
    He attended Groton School in Massachusetts before going on to Yale where he joined the Skull and Bones society. He graduated in 1913.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1899
    Age 7
    During the summer of 1899, Harriman's father organized the Harriman Alaska Expedition, a philanthropic-scientific survey of coastal Alaska and Russia that attracted 25 of the leading scientific, naturalist, and artist luminaries of the day, including John Muir, John Burroughs, George Bird Grinnell, C.
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  • 1891
    Born
    Born on November 15, 1891.
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