Ziaur Rahman

President of Bangladesh Ziaur Rahman

Ziaur Rahman, Bir Uttam, was a Bangladeshi politician, the seventh President of Bangladesh (1977) and an army general, who read the Declaration of Independence of Bangladesh on behalf of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. During the Liberation War of Bangladesh in 1971, he was first a sector commander before being promoted to one of three brigade commanders of the Bangladesh Forces; his brigade was called the Z Force, after his first initial.
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Biography
Ziaur Rahman's personal information overview.
Deceased
30 May 1981

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Six killed in separate road accidents - Financial Express Bangladesh
Google News - over 6 years
He was rushed to the Bogra Shaheed Ziaur Rahman Medical College Hospital where he succumbed to his injuries. Police seized the truck but its driver and helper managed to flee the scene.A case was filed
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WIKILEAKS EXPOSÉ: Bangladesh Jamaat looks 'further than polls' - Bangladesh News 24 hours
Google News - over 6 years
The party was banned after the war of liberation for being a communal party but revived its political fortunes during the reign of Ziaur Rahman. Known for years as Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh, the party renamed itself Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami
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Khaleda accuses Khairul - Daily Star Online
Google News - over 6 years
The bench led by Khairul also deemed the fifth amendment illegal, which annoyed BNP as the amendment was added to the charter to legalise the regime of party's founder and late president Ziaur Rahman. Khaleda had to leave her previous residence at
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BNP celebrates founding anniversary - Daily Star Online
Google News - over 6 years
BNP Chairperson Khaleda Zia along with senior party leaders including party Acting Secretary General Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir placed floral wreaths at the grave of its founder Ziaur Rahman at Sher-e-Bangla Nagar in the capital to mark the day
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BNP renews demand for midterm polls - Financial Express Bangladesh
Google News - over 6 years
He said late President Ziaur Rahman had founded the BNP to tackle the political, economic and social crises the country was facing at the time. "Whatever progress the country has achieved it has achieved because of BNP and Ziaur Rahman
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PM attends AFD Iftar - Financial Express Bangladesh
Google News - over 6 years
Army chief Gen M Abdul Mubeen, chief of Naval Staff Vice-Admiral ZU Ahmed and chief of Air Staff Air Marshal SM Ziaur Rahman were also present. Earlier, the three services chiefs received Prime Minister Sheikh Hasna on her arrival at Senakunja
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Rizvi threatens disciplinary action against Moudud - The Daily Star
Google News - over 6 years
BNP Joint Secretary General Ruhul Kabir Rizvi yesterday criticised party leader Moudud Ahmed for his recent remark about Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and late president Ziaur Rahman. He also warned of taking disciplinary actions if anyone acts
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Bangladeshis mark Rahman's death anniversary - gulfnews.com
Google News - over 6 years
Prime Minister Shaikh Hasina, the only surviving child of Shaikh Mujibur Rahman, and the President Ziaur Rahman, a close associate of the late leader, paid floral tributes to Bangabandhu at his house, which is now known as Bangabandhu Memorial Museum
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BNP protesting case against Khaleda - The Daily Star
Google News - over 6 years
The Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) on Monday sued the former prime minister and three others for abusing power to set up a charitable trust named after late president Ziaur Rahman, founder of the party. Mirza Fakhrul, one day after filing of the case
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Court accepts FIR against Khaleda - The Daily Star
Google News - over 6 years
A Dhaka court on Tuesday accepted the first information report (FIR) of a case filed against former premier Khaleda Zia on charge of abusing power to set up a charitable trust named after late president Ziaur Rahman. After scrutinising the documents,
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WAR CRIMES Deadline extended by 3 months for pressing charges - Bangladesh News 24 hours
Google News - over 6 years
Abdul Alim, a minister of Ziaur Rahman's cabinet, and Jamaat leader Delwar Hossain Sayedee were also held for charges of crimes against humanity in 1971. Alim was later released on conditional bail. Formal charges against Sayedee were submitted on July
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Freak accident kills rickshaw-puller - Bangladesh News 24 hours
Google News - over 6 years
First the critically wounded rickshaw-puller was rushed to the Bogra Mohammad Ali hospital and then he was shifted to Shahid Ziaur Rahman Medical College Hospital where he breathed his last. Police, however, could not confirm the identity of the
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'Fakhrul family opposed independence' - Bangladesh News 24 hours
Google News - over 6 years
At a discussion on Thursday, Fakhrul said Sheikh Mujibur Rahman did not fight the war in 1971, but BNP founder Ziaur Rahman did. "There's nothing to be puzzled about with such comments from someone whose family protested the independence of Bangladesh
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Abu Taher and the Supreme Court of Bangladesh - The Daily Star
Google News - over 6 years
In that Affidavit I reported how General Mohamed Manzur, former Chief of General Staff, and someone I had known for several years, informed me that he knew definitively that General Ziaur Rahman had taken a decision to execute Taher well before Special
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24 dead, 65 hurt in road accidents - Bangladesh News 24 hours
Google News - over 6 years
Rahman said 11 passengers, including four women and four children, died instantly at the scene while six other critically injured passengers succumbed to their injuries at the Ziaur Rahman Medical College Hospital. The identities of the dead could not
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Hasina snubs Khaleda for charter remarks - Bangladesh News 24 hours
Google News - over 6 years
"It is only natural for the opposition leader to deliver such speech as her husband [Ziaur Rahman] trampled the constitution by usurping power," Hasina said at a programme of the newly elected officers of the Institution of Diploma Engineers (IDE)
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Ziaur Rahman
    FORTIES
  • 1981
    Age 45
    Amidst speculation and fears of unrest, Zia went on tour to Chittagong on 29 May 1981 to help resolve an intra-party political dispute in the regional BNP.
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    He allowed Sheikh Hasina, the exiled daughter of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman to return to Bangladesh in 1981.
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    In 1981 he brought back Mujib's daughter Hasina Wazed to Bangladesh.
  • 1978
    Age 42
    The exiled chief of the Jammat-e-Islami, Golam Azam, was allowed to come back and visit his ill mother to Bangladesh in July 1978 with a Pakistan passport on a visitor's visa, and allowed to stay in Bangladesh following his visa's expiration without a court case lodged against him for his alleged role in wartime atrocities.
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    After the formation of Bangladesh Nationalist Party in 1978, Zia took initiative for formation of political institutes and sponsored workshops for the youth to get active political lessons on Bangladesh nationalism.
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    Zia re-introduced multi-party politics In 1978, General Zia ran for and an overwhelmingly won a five-year term as President.
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    In 1978 he appointed Hussain Muhammad Ershad as the new Chief of Army Staff, promoting him to the rank of Lieutenant General.
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  • 1977
    Age 41
    Zia's martial law decrees, his ascendancy to the presidency in 1977 and the referendum held in 1978 were declared "unknown to the constitution."
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    In late September 1977, a group of Japanese Red Army terrorists hijacked an aeroplane and forced it to land in Dhaka.
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    Ziaur Rahman became the 7th President of Bangladesh on 21 April 1977.
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    He took over the presidency in 1977.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1976
    Age 40
    Zia became the chief martial law administrator following Justice Sayem's elevation to the presidency on 19 November 1976.
  • 1975
    Age 39
    Ziaur Rahman's status as war hero is acknowledged by many politicians in Bangladesh. However his role after 15 August 1975 15 August 1975 assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and his family remains controversial. The Indemnity Act, an ordinance ordered by Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad in 1975 pardoning the subsequently convicted killers of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, was legalised by Zia during his tenure as president.
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    The Indemnity Ordinance (which gave immunity from legal action to the persons involved in the assassination of president Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, coups and other political events between 1975 and 1979) was proclaimed by Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad in 1975 president, ratified in the Parliament as the Indemnity Act, and incorporated as the 5th amendment to the constitution during the tenure of President Hussain Muhammad Ershad.
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    Brigadier Khaled Mosharraf and the 46th Brigade of Dhaka Cantonment under Colonel Shafat Jamil staged a counter-coup on 3 November 1975, and Ziaur Rahman was forced to relinquish his post and put under house arrest.
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    On 15 August 1975 President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and his family were assassinated at home as part of a military coup.
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    He rose to power after the country's first military coup on 15 August 1975, in which Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was killed.
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  • 1972
    Age 36
    Later Ershad introduced Islamic religious education as a compulsory subject in Bangladeshi schools, with provisions for non-Muslim students to learn of their own religions. At the birth of Bangladesh, many Islamists had supported the Pakistani Army's fight against independence and been barred from politics with the Bangladesh Collaborators (Special Tribunals) Order of 1972.
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  • 1971
    Age 35
    While this angered some veterans of the independence war, who had rapidly reached high positions following independence in 1971, Zia sent discontented officers on diplomatic missions abroad to defuse unrest..
    On 30 June 1971 Zia was appointed the commander of the first conventional brigade of the Bangladesh Forces, which was named "Z Force", after the first initial of his name, followed by K-forces in August and S-force in September, named after Major Khaled Musharraf and Major Shafiullah respectively.
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    On 27 March 1971, a second broadcast was read: I, Major Ziaur Rahman, do hereby declare the Independence of Bangladesh.
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    Zia, who already by then geared to revolt against the government of Pakistan, was preparing to defect, and later arrested and executed his commanding officer Lt. Col. Janjua, revolted and broadcast the announcement of the Declaration of Independence on the evening hours of 26 March 1971 from the captured Kalurghat radio station in Chittagong which read:
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  • 1970
    Age 34
    In the 1970 Pakistan Parliamentary elections the Awami League had won a majority and it leader Sheikh Mujib laid claim to form a government, but Pakistan President Yahya Khan postponed the convening of the legislature under pressure from Zulfikar Ali Bhutto's PPP party.
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    Zia returned to Pakistan the following year, during political turmoil and regional division. Upon his return, Zia was promoted to Major and transferred in October 1970 to be second-in-command of the 8th East Bengal regiment stationed in Chittagong.
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  • 1969
    Age 33
    Zia joined the 2nd East Bengal regiment as its second-in-command at Joydebpur in Gazipur district, near Dhaka, in 1969, and travelled to West Germany to receive advanced military and command training with the German Army and later on spent few months with the British Army.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1966
    Age 30
    In 1966, Zia was appointed military instructor at the Pakistan Military Academy, later going on to attend the Command and Staff College in Quetta, Pakistan, where he completed a course in command and tactical warfare.
  • 1965
    Age 29
    Ziaur Rahman won the prestigious Hilal-i-Jur'at (Crescent of Courage) medal, Pakistan’s second highest military award, and his unit won 2 Sitara-e-Jurat (Star of Courage) medals, and 9 Tamgha-e-Jurat (Medal of Courage) medals, for their role in the 1965 War with India.
    During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, Ziaur Rahman saw combat in the Khemkaran sector in Punjab as the commander of a company unit of 300–500 soldiers.
  • 1964
    Age 28
    Around the same time, his wife Khaleda Zia, now 23, gave birth to their first child Tarique Rahman (Tareq Zia) on 20 November 1964.
  • 1960
    Age 24
    In August 1960, his marriage was arranged to Khaleda Majumder, the 15-year-old daughter of Iskandar Majumder and Taiyaba Majumder from the Dinajpur District, in a simple ceremony.
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  • 1958
    Age 22
    Ayub Khan's highly successful military rule from 1958 to 1968 convinced Zia of the need for a fundamental change in the Bengali attitude towards the military.
  • 1957
    Age 21
    After serving for two years in Karachi, he was transferred to the East Bengal Regiment in 1957.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1955
    Age 19
    Graduating from the Pakistan Military Academy at 12th PMA long course on 18 September 1955 in the top 10% of his class, Ziaur Rahman was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Pakistan Army.
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  • 1953
    Age 17
    In 1953, Zia was admitted into the D.J. College in Karachi.
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  • 1952
    Age 16
    Zia spent his adolescent years in Karachi and by age 16 completed his secondary education from that School in 1952.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1947
    Age 11
    Zia, at the age of 11, had become a student in class six at the Academy School in Karachi in 1947.
    With the Partition of India, Mansur Rahman exercised his option to become a citizen of a Muslim majority Pakistan and in August 1947 moved to Karachi the first capital of Pakistan located in Sindh, West Pakistan.
  • 1946
    Age 10
    In 1946, Mansur Rahman enrolled Zia for a short stint in one of the leading boys schools of Calcutta, Hare School, where Zia studied until the dissolution of the British Empire in South Asia and creation of India in 1947.
  • 1936
    Age 0
    Born on January 19, 1936.
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