Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

President of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977, and prior to that, 4th President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973. Bhutto was the founder of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) and served as its chairman until his execution in 1979. His elder daughter, Benazir Bhutto, later also served as Prime Minister, while his son Murtaza Bhutto served as member of Parliament of Pakistan.
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Biography
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto's personal information overview.
Death Place
Rawalpindi

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Fighting a losing battle? - The Express Tribune
Google News - over 6 years
Resultantly, Zulfikar Bhutto's slogan of a 'thousand years of war' with India strengthened the age-old narrative. Similarly, it is false to argue that Musharraf encouraged liberalism through his policies as he was one big supporter of militancy
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'Punjab's resources, population to be higher despite new provinces' - The News International
Google News - over 6 years
Prof Amjad Saeed said that Zulfikar Bhutto had finished the tussle among the provinces by creating the Senate and giving proper representation to each province. He said the PPP government did not protect the basic rights provided by the Constitution
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COMMENT: Ideological distortions —Yasser Latif Hamdani - Pakistan Daily Times
Google News - over 6 years
Zulfikar Bhutto's repeated attempts to convince the Americans that he was a better American ally than the Shah of Iran, for example, is never mentioned. It is forgotten that Bhutto allowed the House of Saud to directly influence Pakistan's
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The Persian mistress at the breakfast table: Tales of the Bhutto childhood - Foreign Policy
Google News - over 6 years
One quite detailed account of Bhutto's family life with his mistress is found in Zulfikar Bhutto of Pakistan : His Life and Times Oxford University Press (1993) By STANLEY A. WOLPERT., Professor Emeritus University of Pennsylvania
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An unlikely alliance? - The Express Tribune
Google News - over 6 years
They should keep the example of the Pakistan National Alliance in mind when opposition parties banded together and took to the streets to remove Zulfikar Bhutto from power. They were able to achieve that aim but only by allowing the army to take over
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MQM still part of Govt: Gilani - Pakistan Observer
Google News - over 6 years
On the occasion of 5th of July, the Prime Minister strongly condemned what happed with an elected leader Shaheed Zulfikar Bhutto who gave a unanimous 1973 constitution, made Pakistan and nuclear state and gave many mega projects to the country
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Salman Taseer: A Brilliant Romantic – OpEd - Eurasia Review
Google News - over 6 years
The party was founded by former Pakistan premier Zulfikar Bhutto (later to be found guilty of murder) more than four decades ago and in whose memory Taseer would say he was beholden. It has a reputation tainted with corruption- one to which Taseers
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ANALYSIS: Myths versus realities —Sheikh Asad Rahman - Pakistan Daily Times
Google News - over 6 years
Ayub replied that the foreign ministry (Zulfikar Bhutto) had assured him that the Indians would not. On September 3, Asghar Khan visited the Ops room at Air Headquarters and found officers running this way and that and knew that the war was about to
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Not exactly a 'historic' budget, dear minister - The Express Tribune
Google News - over 6 years
Former prime ministers Zulfikar Bhutto and Benazir Bhutto must be turning in their graves, seeing the abuse of their names and photographs on a crass campaign trying to project another 'business-as-usual budget' as a good budget
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COMMENT: Many questions, no answers —Rakesh Mani - Pakistan Daily Times
Google News - over 6 years
The use of religion as a political tool began under Zulfikar Bhutto and was taken to an extreme by Ziaul Haq, who enshrined it in the constitution. Decades of accumulated religious fanaticism now threaten to rip Pakistan apart
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Sadruddin Hashwani: Working around the globe, living in the Arab world, and ... - Al-Arabiya
Google News - over 6 years
One example of that is after Prime Minister Zulfikar Bhutto nationalized industries in the 1970s and Mr. Hashwani started investing in those businesses not yet nationalized, like textile, minerals and real estate. “People thought I was mad [at that
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Standing at the crossroads again - The Express Tribune
Google News - almost 7 years
Under Zulfikar Bhutto, the country had gone entirely in the wrong direction in terms of economic management. The 9/11 terrorist attack on the US brought Pakistan to another crossroads. General Pervez Musharraf, now the country's president,
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PPP ministers, MPAs react against LHC's decision - Frontier Post
Google News - almost 7 years
Minister Katchi Abadi Rafique Engineer pointed out that decision of LHC has come at a time when the Supreme Court was conducting a hearing on Shaheed Zulfikar Bhutto's case. Most of the MPAs wore Sindhi cap and Ajrak and said they want to record
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China came close to US because of Bhutto's efforts: CM - Daily Times
Google News - almost 7 years
He also said due to concerted efforts of Zulfikar Bhutto, China came close to US, so it can rightly be claimed that with Bhutto's wisdom the relations between Pakistan and China got cemented. He added US had approached Bhutto to play his part in
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ZAB's case 'peculiar' to reopen, says Awan - Pakistan Daily Mail
Google News - almost 7 years
Earlier an 11-member Supreme Court bench, headed by Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry heard the Zulfikar Bhutto reference case. During the hearing, the court said that in other countries such cases were reopened after
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De kool en de geit van Pakistan - De Standaard
Google News - almost 7 years
Eerste minister Zulfikar Bhutto, de vader van Benazir, probeerde, tegen Amerikaanse belangen in, een Pakistaanse kernbom te laten ontwikkelen. Toen de streng islamitische generaal Zia-ul-Haq Zulfikar afzette, en hem liet vermoorden (na een
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PAKISTAN/USA, UN DIFFICILE DOPO OSAMA 4/5/11 - Lettera 22
Google News - almost 7 years
... è stato uno dei grandi rovelli (e drammi) di ogni presidente, dal pragmatico fondatore del Paese dei puri, Ali Jinnah, al socialdemocratico Zulfikar Bhutto, al fervido islamista Zia Ul-Haq per finire col fragile Asif Zardari dei giorni nostri
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Trajectories of Pakistan and Bangladesh - The Express Tribune
Google News - almost 7 years
Then, like Zulfikar Bhutto's PPP, Mujib's Awami League entrenched itself in the political system as a 'liberal' option that didn't hate India too much; General Ziaur Rahman's legacy was Bangladesh National Party (BNP), the right-wing lookalike of
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
    FIFTIES
  • 1979
    Age 51
    Even though Henry Kissinger developed differences with Bhutto, in his 1979 memoir White House Years he conceded that Bhutto was "brilliant, charming, of global stature in his perception, a man of extraordinary abilities, capable of drawing close to any country that served Pakistan`s national interests".
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    On 4 April 1979, the day Bhutto was executed, The New York Times published its report after following the entire chronological events surrounding Bhutto's trial which stated in part "The way they did it, (Bhutto).. is going to grow into a legend that will some day backfire."
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    But Bhutto's policy largely benefited the poor and working class when the level of absolute poverty was sharply reduced, with the percentage of the population estimated to be living in absolute poverty falling from 46.50% by the end of 1979–80, under the General Zia-ul-Haq's military rule, to 30.78%.
    He was also the founder of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) and served as its chairman until his execution in 1979.
  • 1978
    Age 50
    On 18 December 1978, Bhutto made his appearance in public before a packed courtroom in Rawalpindi.
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    On 12 March 1978, Bhutto's former Legal Minister, A.H. Per-Zadah petitioned the Supreme Court for the release of Bhutto's Science Adviser, Mubashir Hassan, and to review Bhutto's death sentence based on the split decision.
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    On 18 March 1978, Bhutto was declared not guilty of murder, but was sentenced to death.
    When Bhutto began his testimony on 25 January 1978, Chief Justice Maulvi Mushtaq closed the courtroom to all observers.
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  • FORTIES
  • 1977
    Age 49
    Observers noted that when Bhutto was removed from power in July 1977, thousands of Pakistanis cheered and were delighted.
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    However, on 5 July 1977 Bhutto and members of his cabinet were arrested by troops under the order of General Zia.
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    On 3 July 1977, then-Major-General K.M. Arif secretly met Bhutto, revealing that the planning of a coup had been taking place in the General Combatant Headquarters (GHQ).
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    On 5 July 1977, chief of army staff General Zia-ul-Haq deposed Bhutto in a bloodless coup, and had the former prime minister controversially tried and executed by the Supreme Court in 1979 for authorising the murder of a political opponent, Ahmad Raza Khan Kasuri.
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    The PPP won the 1977 parliamentary elections, However, a conservative alliance alleged widespread rigging and civil disorder escalated across Pakistan.
    On 8 January 1977, the opposition organized into the Pakistan National Alliance (PNA)., a nine-party coalition against the government of Bhutto and his allies.
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  • 1976
    Age 48
    During the course of 1976 presidential election, Carter was elected as U.S. President, and his very inaugural speech Carter announced the determination to seek the ban of nuclear weapons.
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  • 1974
    Age 46
    In 1974, Bhutto's trusted Science Advisor Abdus Salam also left Pakistan when Parliament declared Ahmadiyyah Muslims as non-Muslims.
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    Between the 1974 and 1976, many of Bhutto's original members had left Bhutto due to political differences or natural death causes.
    By the end of 1974, Bhutto gave final authorisation of covert operation to train Afghan mujaheddin to take on Daoud Khan's government.
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    In 1974, Bhutto authorised a covert operation in Kabul and the Pakistan Air Force and the members of AI and the ISI successfully extradited Burhanuddin Rabbani, Jan Mohammad Khan, Gulbadin Hekmatyar, and Ahmad Shah Massoud to Peshawar, amid fear that Rabbani may be assassinated.
    Therefore, Bhutto's government decided to retaliate, and Bhutto launched a covert counter-operation in 1974 under the command of Major-General Naseerullah Babar, who was then Director-General of the M.I. Directorate-General for Western Fronts (DGWI).
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    In 1974, Afghanistan began covert involvement in Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa which became increasingly disturbing for Bhutto's government.
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    In 1974, Bhutto, as Prime minister, visited Soviet Union.
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    In 1974, pressured by other Muslim nations, Pakistan eventually recognised Bangladesh as Mujib stated he would only go to the OIC conference in Lahore if Pakistan recognised Bangladesh.
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    In 1974, Bhutto and his Foreign minister Aziz Ahmed brought a U.N. resolution, recommending and calling for the establishment of nuclear-weapon free zone in South Asia, whilst he and Aziz Ahmed aggressively attacked the Indian nuclear programme.
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    In 1974, Bhutto hosted the second Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) in 1974 where he delegated and invited leaders from the Muslim world to Lahore, Punjab Province of Pakistan.
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  • 1973
    Age 45
    Bhutto was sworn in as the prime minister of the country on 14 August 1973, after he had secured 108 votes in a house of 146 members.
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    On the midnight of 9 February 1973, Bhutto launched an operation to seize control of the Iraqi Embassy, and preparation for siege was hastily prepared.
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    This operation was supposed to be covert, but in 1973, the operation was exposed by M.I. when senior separatist leader Akbar Bugti defected to Bhutto, revealing a series of arms stored in the Iraqi Embassy.
    In 1973, Iraq provided the Baluchis with conventional arms, and it opened an office for the Baluchistan Liberation Front (BLF) in Baghdad.
    Following the alleged discovery of Iraqi arms in Islamabad in February 1973, Bhutto dissolved the Provincial Assembly of Balochistan.
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    In January 1973, Bhutto ordered the Pakistan Armed Forces to suppress a rising insurgency in the province of Balochistan.
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    While commenting on his policies in 1973, Bhutto told the group of investors that belonged to the Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI) that "activity of public sector or state sector prevents the concentration of economic power in few hands, and protects the small and medium entrepreneurs from the clutches of giant enterprises and vested interests".
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    During his period in office the government carried out seven major amendments to the 1973 Constitution.
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    Bhutto supervised the promulgation of 1973 constitution that triggered an unstoppable constitutional revolution through his politics wedded to the emancipation of the downtrodden masses, by first giving people a voice in the Parliament, and introducing radical changes in the economic sphere for their benefit.
    Bhutto is considered the main architect of 1973 constitution as part of his vision to put Pakistan to road to parliamentary democracy.
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    Domestically, Bhutto's reign saw parliament unanimously approve a new constitution in 1973, after which he endorsed Fazal Ilahi's bid for president, and assumed instead the newly empowered office of prime minister.
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  • 1972
    Age 44
    Instead, in January 1972, Bhutto chose a U.S.-trained nuclear engineer, Munir Ahmad Khan, as chairman of Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) as Bhutto realised that he wanted an administrator who understood the scientific and economical needs of this such technologically giant and ambitious programme.
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    The Karachi Nuclear Power Plant (KANUPP-I) was inaugurated by Bhutto during his role as President of Pakistan at the end of 1972 The nuclear weapons programme was set up loosely based on Manhattan Project of the 1940s under the administrative control of Bhutto.
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    By the end week of December 1972, Salam returned to Pakistan, loaded with literature on the Manhattan Project, in his huge suitcases.
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    In November 1972, Bhutto advised Salam to travel to United States to evade the war, and advised him to return with the key literature on nuclear history.
    He appointed General Tikka Khan as the new Chief of the Army Staff in March 1972 as he felt the general would not interfere in political matters and would concentrate on rehabilitating the Pakistan Army.
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    On 2 January 1972 Bhutto announced the nationalisation of all major industries, including iron and steel, heavy engineering, heavy electricals, petrochemicals, cement and public utilities.
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  • 1971
    Age 43
    Other army men who lay blame for 1971 on Bhutto include future President Pervez Musharraf and East Pakistan's former Martial Law Administrator Syed Mohammad Ahsan.
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    A Pakistan International Airlines flight was sent to fetch Bhutto from New York, who at that time was presenting Pakistan's case before the United Nations Security Council on the East Pakistan Crises. Bhutto returned home on 18 December 1971.
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    Bhutto was handed over the presidency in December 1971 and emergency rule was imposed.
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  • 1970
    Age 42
    Following Ayub's resignation, his successor, General Yahya Khan promised to hold parliamentary elections on 7 December 1970.
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  • 1969
    Age 41
    Dr. Hassan and Bhutto's arrest on 12 November 1969, sparked greater political unrest.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1967
    Age 39
    On 30 November 1967, at the Lahore residence of Mubashir Hassan, a gathering that included Bhutto, Bengali communist J. A. Rahim and Basit Jehangir Sheikh founded the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP), establishing a strong base in Punjab, Sindh and amongst the Muhajirs.
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    Following his resignation as foreign minister, large crowds gathered to listen to Bhutto's speech upon his arrival in Lahore on 21 June 1967.
  • 1966
    Age 38
    In October 1966 Bhutto made explicit the beliefs of his new party, "Islam is our faith, democracy is our policy, socialism is our economy.
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    Initially denying the rumours, Bhutto resigned in June 1966 and expressed strong opposition to Ayub's regime.
  • 1965
    Age 37
    Hussain had previously served as Bhutto's Foreign secretary in 1965, and was alleged to have strongly disliked and distrusted Bhutto.
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    During his term, Bhutto was known to be formulating aggressive geostrategic and foreign policies against India. In 1965, Bhutto's friend Munir Ahmad Khan informed him of the status of India's nuclear programme.
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  • 1963
    Age 35
    Bhutto was a Pakistani nationalist and socialist, with particular views on the type of democracy needed in Pakistan. On becoming foreign minister in 1963, his socialist viewpoint influenced him to embark on a close relationship with neighbouring China.
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  • 1962
    Age 34
    Bhutto criticised the U.S. for providing military aid to India during and after the 1962 Sino-Indian War, which was seen as an abrogation of Pakistan's alliance with the United States
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    Bhutto then visited Poland and established diplomatic relations in 1962.
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  • 1960
    Age 32
    Bhutto aided his president in negotiating the Indus Water Treaty in India in 1960 and next year negotiated an oil-exploration agreement with the Soviet Union, which agreed to provide economic and technical aid to Pakistan.
    In 1960, he was promoted to Minister of Water and Power, Communications and Industry.
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  • 1958
    Age 30
    He addressed the UN Sixth Committee on Aggression that October and led Pakistan's delegation to the first UN Conference on the Law of the Sea in 1958.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1957
    Age 29
    In 1957, Bhutto became the youngest member of Pakistan's delegation to the United Nations.
  • 1951
    Age 23
    Bhutto married his second wife, the Iranian Nusrat Ispahani, in Karachi on 8 September 1951.
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  • 1950
    Age 22
    In June 1950, Bhutto travelled to the United Kingdom to study law at Christ Church, Oxford and received an LLB, followed by an LLM degree in law and an M.Sc. (honours) degree in political science.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1947
    Age 19
    Coming to power in a palace coup, he secured the accession of his state to Pakistan, which was ultimately negated by Indian intervention in December 1947.
    In 1947, Bhutto was admitted to the University of Southern California to study political science.
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  • 1945
    Age 17
    He later divorced her in 1945, however, in order to remarry.
  • 1943
    Age 15
    In 1943, his marriage was arranged with Shireen Amir Begum.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1928
    Age 0
    Born on January 5, 1928.
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