William Lowndes Yancey

American politician William Lowndes Yancey

William Lowndes Yancey was a journalist, politician, orator, diplomat and an American leader of the Southern secession movement. A member of the group known as the Fire-Eaters, Yancey was one of the most effective agitators for secession and rhetorical defenders of slavery. An early critic of John C. Calhoun and nullification, by the late 1830s Yancey began to identify with Calhoun and the struggle against the forces of the anti-slavery movement.
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Biography
William Lowndes Yancey's personal information overview.
Deceased
27 July 1863
Death Place
State of Alabama

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Britain's Surrogate War Against the Union, 1861-65 - Executive Intelligence Review (EIR)
Google News - over 6 years
Two Confederate envoys, William Yancey and Pierre Rost, were sent to London immediately, in April 1862, arriving even before Lincoln's newly appointed emissary, Charles Francis Adams, the son of John Quincy Adams. British Foreign Secretary John Russell
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Jernigan loses battle with cancer - Brewton Standard
Google News - over 6 years
Jernigan was the son of the late Emily Wood and William Yancey Jernigan III. He is survived by his wife, Emmie Pilcher Jernigan; three sons, Yancey Jernigan V, Lyon Alexander Jernigan and Joseph Blake Jernigan; and three sisters, Ruth Jernigan Parker
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William Yancey Jernigan IV - Brewton Standard
Google News - over 6 years
William Yancey Jernigan IV, 43, died Wednesday, July 20, 2011. He was a native of Century, Fla. and lived most of his life in Brewton. He was a graduate of TR Miller High School and Auburn University. He was a member of the First United Methodist
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Linton - Crapps - Scott County Times
Google News - over 6 years
Brittany Nicole Linton of Meridian and William Yancey Crapps of Forest were joined in a double ring marriage ceremony on June 11, 2011, at 6 pm at Trinity Assembly of God in Meridian officiated by Pastors Jody Dyess and Josh Lane
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DISUNION; A DAY-BY-DAY CHRONICLE OF THE CIVIL WAR: The Road From Secession to Sumter
NYTimes - about 7 years
One hundred and fifty years ago, Americans went to war with themselves. In late October, The Times began an online series called Disunion, at nytimes.com/disunion, which revisits and reconsiders that perilous period -- using contemporary accounts, diaries, interactive maps, images, a timeline and historical assessments to follow the Civil War as it
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 NYTimes article
Classic Event Thrives Without Famous Founder
NYTimes - about 10 years
The old tournament director's sharp eyes gleam when he talks about a time when the names of golf tournaments also had faces. There were 10 of them, including the one he ran that everybody still called the Hope in those days. Even now the litany is familiar. ''There was the Crosby up at Pebble Beach, of course, and the Andy Williams, over in San
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 NYTimes article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of William Lowndes Yancey
    FORTIES
  • 1863
    Age 48
    Yancey’s funeral on July 29, 1863, brought the city of Montgomery to a standstill, and he was buried at Oakwood cemetery on Goat Hill near the original Confederate Capitol.
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    Yancey returned to Alabama in May 1863, before Congress had adjourned.
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  • 1862
    Age 47
    In late August, with little else to do, Yancey submitted his resignation but, due to the events of the Trent Affair, Yancey did not leave until his replacements, James M. Mason and John Slidell (selected by President Davis in July before he was aware of Yancey’s intent), arrived in January 1862.
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    While there, he reluctantly supported the Confederate Conscription Act of April 16, 1862, but was instrumental in allowing many state exemptions to the draft as well as the unpopular exemption for one overseer for every twenty slaves, an exemption that applied to about 30,000 men.
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    From March 28, 1862 until May 1, 1863, Yancey served in three sessions of the Confederate Congress.
    Upon his return to America in 1862, Yancey was elected to the Confederate States Senate where he was a frequent critic of the Davis Administration.
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  • 1861
    Age 46
    Confederate President Jefferson Davis and Yancey met on February 18, 1861, as Davis was starting to put together the executive branch of the government.
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  • 1860
    Age 45
    On October 10, 1860, at Cooper Institute Hall in New York Yancey advised Northerners interested in preserving the Union to "Enlarge your jails and penitentiaries, re-enforce and strengthen your police force, and keep the irrepressible conflict fellows from stealing our negroes…" Yancey cited southern fears that with abolitionists in power, "Emissaries will percolate between master and slave as water between the crevices of rocks underground.
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    Yancey, who had already made thirty public addresses in 1860, delivered twenty more during the campaign.
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    After twelve years' absence from the national conventions of the Democratic Party, Yancey attended the Charleston convention in April 1860.
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    At the 1860 Democratic National Convention, Yancey, a leading opponent of Stephen A. Douglas and the concept of popular sovereignty, was instrumental in splitting the party into Northern and Southern factions.
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  • 1859
    Age 44
    When the Alabama Democratic Party organized in the winter of 1859-1860 for the upcoming national convention, they chose Yancey to lead them on the basis of the Alabama Platform.
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  • 1858
    Age 43
    Yancey was ill for much of the remainder of 1858 and early 1859.
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    Yancey supported a plan originated by Edmund Ruffin for the creation of a League of United Southerners as an alternative to the national political parties. In a June 16, 1858 letter to his friend James S. Slaughter that was publicly circulated (Horace Greeley referred to it as "The Scarlet Letter"), Yancey wrote:
    At the May 1858 convention in Montgomery, responding to a speech by Virginian Roger A. Pryor opposing the slave trade, Yancey, in an address that spanned several days, made the following points:
    Throughout the mid-1850s, he also lectured on behalf of the Mount Vernon Ladies Association of the Union, an organization that eventually purchased and restored Mount Vernon from John A. Washington in 1858.
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    In January 1858, he participated in a rally supporting William Walker, the famous Nicaragua filibuster, calling the "Central American enterprise as the cause of the South."
  • 1856
    Age 41
    In July 1856 he spoke at the University of Alabama's graduation on "the distinctive characteristics of the Northern and Southern people of the Union."
    In June 1856, he participated in a rally condemning Charles Sumner while praising his assailant Preston Brooks, who nearly bludgeoned Sumner to death in the United States Senate Chamber.
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    In 1856, Yancey was head of the platform committee for the state Democratic and Anti–Know Nothing Convention, and he succeeded in having the convention readopt the Alabama Platform.
  • 1855
    Age 40
    When the conflicts in Kansas Territory known as Bleeding Kansas erupted in 1855–1856, Yancey spoke publicly in support of Jefferson Buford’s efforts to raise 300 men to go to Kansas and fight for Southern interests.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1850
    Age 35
    Despite the efforts of Yancey, the popularity of the Compromise of 1850, the failure of the Nashville Convention, and the acceptance of the more moderate Georgia Platform by much of the South, led to unionist victories in Alabama and most of the South.
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    Yancey was opposed to both the Compromise of 1850 and the disappointing results of the Nashville Convention.
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  • 1849
    Age 34
    Yancey persuaded a June 1849 state Democratic Party meeting to endorse Calhoun’s address and was instrumental in calling for the Nashville Convention scheduled for June 1850.
  • 1848
    Age 33
    With no available candidate sufficiently opposed to the Proviso, in 1848 Yancey secured the adoption by the state Democratic convention of the "Alabama Platform," which was endorsed by the legislatures of Alabama and Georgia and by Democratic state conventions in Florida and Virginia.
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  • 1847
    Age 32
    However, Taylor announced that he would seek the Whig nomination, and in December 1847 Lewis Cass of Michigan, the leading Democratic candidate, endorsed the policy of Popular sovereignty.
    Yancey recognized the significance of the Wilmot Proviso to the South and in 1847, as the first talk of slaveholder Zachary Taylor as a presidential candidate surfaced, Yancey saw him as a possibility for bringing together a Southern political movement that would cross party lines.
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  • 1846
    Age 31
    In 1846, however, he resigned his seat, partly for financial reasons, and partly because of his disgust with the Northern Democrats, whom he accused of sacrificing their principles for economic interests.
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  • 1845
    Age 30
    Yancey delivered his first speech on January 6, 1845, when he was selected by the Democrats to respond to a speech by Thomas Clingman, a Whig from North Carolina, who had opposed Texas annexation.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1844
    Age 29
    In 1844, Yancey was elected to the United States House of Representatives to fill a vacancy (winning with a 2,197 to 2,137 vote) and re-elected in 1845 (receiving over 4,000 votes as the Whigs did not even field a candidate).
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  • 1843
    Age 28
    In 1843, he ran for the Alabama Senate and was elected by a vote of 1,115 to 1,025.
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  • 1842
    Age 27
    In March 1842, Yancey sold his newspaper because of increasing debt (throughout his career as an editor he faced the problem of many fellow editors — obtaining and collecting on subscriptions), and he opened a law practice instead.
  • 1841
    Age 26
    He was elected in 1841 to the Alabama House of Representatives, in which he served for one year.
  • 1840
    Age 25
    In April 1840, Yancey started a weekly campaign newsletter that supported Democrat Martin Van Buren over Whig William Henry Harrison in the 1840presidential election while emphasizing that slavery should now be the most important political and economic concern of the South.
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  • 1839
    Age 24
    Yancey returned to his paper in March 1839, but sold it a couple of months later when he moved to Wetumpka in Elmore County, Alabama.
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  • 1838
    Age 23
    Yancey, like most members of the planter class, was a strong believer in a personal code of honor. In September 1838, Yancey returned for a brief return visit to Greenville.
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    In early 1838, Yancey took over the Cahaba Southern Democrat, and his first editorial was a strong defense of slavery.
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  • 1837
    Age 22
    As a result of the Panic of 1837, Yancey's financial position was seriously damaged by cotton prices that fell from fifteen cents a pound in 1835 to as low as five cents a pound in 1837.
  • 1836
    Age 21
    In the winter of 1836–1837, Yancey removed to her plantation in Alabama, near Cahaba (Dallas County).
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  • 1835
    Age 20
    Yancey resigned from the newspaper on May 14, 1835.
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    Beman’s marriage was marred by domestic unrest and spousal abuse that led to serious considerations of divorce and finally a permanent separation in 1835.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1834
    Age 19
    As a result of Yancey’s political activities, he was appointed editor of the Greenville (South Carolina) Mountaineer in November 1834.
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    On July 4, 1834, at a Fourth of July celebration, Yancey made a stirring nationalistic address in which he openly attacked the radicals of the state who were still talking secession from the repercussions of the Nullification Crisis:
  • 1833
    Age 18
    Despite being selected as the Senior Orator by his class, Yancey left the school in the spring of 1833, six weeks before graduation.
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  • 1832
    Age 17
    In the autumn of 1832, Yancey took his first steps as a politician by working on the campaign for Whig Ebenezer Emmons.
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  • 1830
    Age 15
    In the fall of 1830, Yancey was enrolled at Williams College in northwestern Massachusetts.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1821
    Age 6
    Yancey’s widowed mother married the Reverend Nathan Sydney Smith Beman on April 23, 1821.
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  • 1817
    Age 2
    Yancey was born at "the Aviary"; three years later, on October 26, 1817, his father died of yellow fever.
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  • 1814
    Born
    Born on August 10, 1814.
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